Sample newspaper article

2019年生まれの赤ちゃんの数は1899年の統計開始から初めて90万人を割り込み、過去最少の86万4千人(前年比約5万4千人減)となる見通しであることが24日、厚生労働省が公表した人口動態統計の年間推計で分かった。減少幅は平成が始まった1989年以降で最も多かった。一方、死亡数は137万6千人で戦後最多。死亡数から出生数を引いた人口の自然減は51万2千人(同約6万8千人増)で過去最大となる見込み。

Words and phrases

~年 (~ねん) the year~

90万人 (きゅうじゅうまんにん) 900,000 people

~を割(わ)り込(こ)む to drop below~

86万4千人 (はちじゅうろくまんよんせんにん) 864,000 people

なる to become

24日 (にじゅうよっか) the 24th

ペース pace

Quick questions

1) 厚生労働省が公表した人口動態統計の年間推計による、統計開始から初めてのことは何ですか？

2)人口の自然減はどのくらいの見込みですか？

Translation

The number of babies born in 2019 dropped below 900,000 for the first time to the lowest level since records began in 1899, reaching 864,000 (approximately 54,000 less than the previous year), the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare announced on Dec. 24 in its annual estimate of the vital statistics of the population. The decrease was the largest since 1989, the start of the Heisei Era.

On the other hand, the number of deaths hit a postwar high of 1,376,000 people. The natural population decline, calculated by subtracting the number of births from the number of deaths, is expected to reach a record 512,000 (approximately 68,000 more than the previous year).

According to an estimate released in 2017 by the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, the number of births in 2021 was expected to be 869,000, but the actual pace of decline reached that number two years earlier than expected.

1) According to the annual estimate of the vital statistics of population released by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, what happened for the first time since records began?

2019年生まれの赤ちゃんの数が90万人を割り込む見通しであること。

The estimated number of babies born in 2019 dropped below 900,000.

2) How much is the natural population decline expected to be?

51万2千人で過去最大。

It is expected to reach a record high of 512,000.

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