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Sample newspaper article

日本の研究者らは、尿の臭いを嗅がせることでがん患者を特定することができる長さ約1ミリの線虫を使った経済的ながん検知の方法を発表した。九州大学の広津崇亮准教授をはじめとする研究者らによると、このがんのスクリーニング検査は痛みもなく、1回につき最低100円、最大でも数百円しかかからず、結果は90分でわかるという。日立製作所などと組んで装置の開発をしており、2019年にも実用化を目指している。研究者らはこの方法により、従来の検査では見つけられない早期がんの発見が可能になり、人々に受診を促して早期治療が始められるとしている。 (March 12)

Words and phrases

日本の (Nihon-) Japanese; 研究者ら (kenkyūsha-) researchers; 尿 (nyō) urine; 臭い (nioi) odors; 嗅がせる (ka-) sensing; がん患者 (gan kanja) cancer patients; 特定する (tokutei-) identify; 長さ (nagasa) length; 線虫 (senchū) roundworms; 使った (tsuka-) using; 経済的な (keizaiteki-) economical; 検知 (kenchi) detection; 方法 (hōhō) method; 発表した (happyō-) announced; 九州大学 (Kyūshū Daigaku) Kyushu University; 准教授 (junkyōju) assistant professor; 検査 (kensa) test; 痛みもなく (ita-) painless; 1回につき (ikkai-) a time; 最低 (saitei) minimum ; 最大 (saidai-) maximum; 結果 (kekka) results; 組んで (ku-) working with; 装置 (sōchi) device; 開発をして (kaihatsu-) develop; 実用化 (jitsuyōka) practical use; 目指して (meza-) hoping to; 従来の (jūrai-) conventional; 早期の (sōki-) early-stage; 発見 (hakken) detection; 可能になり (kanō-) enables; 受診 (jushin) to undergo screening; 促し (unaga-) encouraging; 治療 (chiryō) treatment; 始められる (haji-) start

Sample radio or television report

Nihon-no kenkyūshara-wa, nyō-no nioi-wo kagaserukotode gan kanja-wo tokutei-surukoto-ga dekiru nagasa yaku ichimiri-no senchū-wo tsukatta keizaiteki-na gan kenchi-no hōhō-wo happyō-shimashita. Kyūshū Daigaku-no Hirotsu Takaaki junkyōju-wo hajime-to-suru kenkyūshara-ni-yorimasuto, kono gan-no sukuriiiningu kensa-wa itami-mo-naku, ikkainitsuki, saitei hyakuen, saidai-demo sūhyakuen-shika kakarazu, kakka-wa 90-pun-de wakaru sō-desu. Hitachi Seisakujo-nado-to kunde sōchi-no kaihatsu-wo shiteori, 2019-nen nimo jitsuyōka-wo mezashite-iru sō-desu. Kenkyūshara-wa kono hōhō-ni yori, jūrai-no kensa-de-wa mitsukerarenai sōki gan-no hakken-ga kanō-ni-nari, hitobito-ni jushin-wo unagashite sōki chiryō-ga hajimerareru-to-shite-imasu.

Translation

Japanese researchers have announced an economical cancer detection method using roundworms about 1 mm in length that can identify cancer patients by sensing odors in urine. The researchers, including Takaaki Hirotsu, assistant professor at Kyushu University, said the cancer screening test, which is painless, will cost between a minimum of ¥100 and several hundred yen maximum a time and deliver results in about 90 minutes. The group is also working with Hitachi Ltd. and others to develop a screening device for the test, hoping to put it into practical use as early as 2019. The researchers said the method could enable the detection of early-stage cancers that cannot be spotted by conventional tests, and encourage people to undergo screening and and start treatment early.

A conversation between acquaintances

A: Nihon-no kenkyūshara-wa senchū wo tsukatte gan-no kanja-wo tokutei suru hōhō-wo happyō-shita sō-desu-yo.

(I heard that Japanese researchers announced an economical cancer detection method using roundworms.)

B: Senchū-wa nyō-no nioi-wo kagaserukotode gan kanja-wo tokutei-surukoto-ga dekiru sō-desu-yo.

(It seems that roundworms can identify cancer patients by sensing odors in urine.)

Conversation between a husband and wife

H: Senchū-wo tsukatta gan kenchi-no hōhō-wa, itami-mo-naku, ikkainitsuki, saitei hyakuen-de sumu sō-da.

(It seems that the cancer detection method using roundworms is painless and costs a minimum of ¥100.)

W: Sōki gan-no hakken-mo kanō-da-sō-yo.

(I heard that the method can detect early-stage cancers.)

(No. 1252)

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