Hostile architecture, or ホスタイル・アーキテクチャー, is the design of public spaces in a way that discourages people from sitting or lying on them. The expression made headlines recently when a set of metal spikes were installed outside a block of luxury flats in London to prevent homeless people from sleeping in an alcove near a doorway.

In a time of both misinformation and too much information, quality journalism is more crucial than ever.
By subscribing, you can help us get the story right.