MANILA – Despite territorial standoffs between China and other nations bordering the South China Sea, analysts say governments know better than to choke off the trade shipping routes that are the lifeblood of their economies.
The escalating disputes this year between China and some of its neighbors over their rival territorial claims in the sea have led to water cannons being fired in one hot spot and deadly anti-Chinese riots in Vietnam.
The worsening rows have inevitably raised questions over whether they will impact the sea’s shipping lanes, which are among the busiest in the world and see more than half of all oil tanker trade flow through them.
But analysts believe all nations involved, particularly China, will ensure that the diplomatic and military maneuverings do not jeopardize such an important economic lifeline.
“It’s not in China’s interests, and it’s not in the interests of Japan, South Korea or Taiwan, to have some sort of blockade or disruption,” said Jayendu Krishna, an analyst with industry consultancy firm Drewry Maritime Services.
“I’m not worried. I don’t think it will happen.”
The Philippines, Vietnam and other regional powers believe China is the instigator in the fresh eruptions in the disputes, which have been going on for decades but have been managed without confrontation for much of the time.
Asia’s most populous nation claims nearly all of the sea, even waters approaching the coasts of its neighbors.
Taiwan has a replica claim, while Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei insist they have sovereign rights to areas closer to their coasts.
Vietnam’s trigger for fury was China’s deployment last month of an oil rig in waters near the Paracel Islands. Anti-Chinese riots promptly broke out in the Southeast Asian nation, leading to at least three deaths.
The Philippines has been the most vocal critic in recent years, accusing China of a multitude of aggressive acts, including the takeover in 2012 of a shoal that had been a rich fishing ground for Filipinos.
The Philippines has expressed fresh alarm in recent months after photos emerged showing Chinese land reclamation activities on tiny islets in the Spratlys archipelago.
The photos have led to speculation that China intends to build military installations on new artificial islands within the Philippines’ exclusive economic zone.
However, Krishna said China would be careful to ensure its actions did not lead to a military conflict that would disrupt shipping lanes, pointing out it had the most to lose.
“A large fraction of the trade flowing through the South China Sea is destined to, or originating from, China,” he said. “They need that for their economy.”