SOFIA – Bulgaria blamed Hezbollah on Tuesday for a July 2012 bomb attack that killed five Israeli tourists, leading to renewed calls on the European Union to declare the Lebanese movement a terrorist organization.
“What we can make as a justified conclusion is that the two persons whose identity we have established belonged to the military wing of Hezbollah,” Bulgarian Interior Minister Tsvetan Tsvetanov told reporters.
He said the two “had Canadian and Australian passports but have resided in Lebanon since 2006 and 2010.”
The investigation made the conclusions on the basis of three fake driver’s licenses — forged in Lebanon — from the state of Michigan used by the bomber and suspected accomplices between their entry into EU member Bulgaria on June 28 and the July 18 attack.
“From these three fake personalities, we established beyond doubt two persons’ real identity. . . . We traced their whole activity on the territories of Australia and Canada and we have data for funding and complicity with Hezbollah,” Tsvetanov added.
Five Israeli tourists and their Bulgarian driver were killed in the bus bombing at Bulgaria’s Black Sea Burgas airport in the deadliest attack on Israelis abroad since 2004. Some 30 Israelis were also wounded in the attack, in which the bomber also perished.
Bulgarian investigators managed to recover DNA and fingerprints from his remains along with the fake driver’s license in the name of Jacque Felipe Martin. The young Caucasian-looking man was also caught on airport cameras resembling a vacationer, wearing shorts and carrying a backpack. His computer-generated image and DNA data were run through Interpol databases but failed to find any match.
Israel immediately blamed Iran and its “terrorist proxy” Hezbollah for the bombing, but Bulgarian investigators had stopped short of pointing the finger at anyone until now. Tehran has also denied any involvement.
Israel and the United States have long pressed Brussels to blacklist Hezbollah and on Tuesday both reiterated their stance, as did Canada.
U.S. President Barack Obama’s top counterterrorism adviser, John Brennan, the nominee to lead the CIA, said the attack exposed Hezbollah as “a terrorist group that is willing to recklessly attack innocent men, women and children, and that poses a real and growing threat not only to Europe, but to the rest of the world.”
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also said the European Union should now draw the “necessary conclusions about the true nature of Hezbollah.”
“This is yet further corroboration of what we have already known: that Hezbollah and its Iranian patrons are orchestrating a worldwide campaign of terror that is spanning countries and continents,” he said.
Just after the bombing the EU rejected calls to change its designation of Hezbollah because of a lack of consensus among its 27 members. Foreign Minister Erato Kozakou-Marcoullis of Cyprus, holder of the rotating EU presidency at the time, had said Hezbollah had both a political and an armed wing and was “active in Lebanese politics.”
On Tuesday, EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said that member states would now “discuss the appropriate response,” adding that “the implications of the investigation need to be assessed seriously as they relate to a terrorist attack on EU soil, which resulted in the killing and injury of innocent civilians.”
Lebanese Prime Minister Najib Mikati said that his Hezbollah-run government was “ready to cooperate with Bulgaria to shed light on the circumstances” of the attack. Hezbollah is the most powerful faction in the current Lebanese Cabinet, and its militia is the most powerful military force in Lebanon.
Canada is taking “very seriously” the alleged involvement of a Canadian passport holder, Foreign Minister John Baird said.
“We urge the European Union and all partners who have not already done so to list Hezbollah as a terrorist entity and prosecute terrorist acts committed by this inhumane organization to the fullest possible extent,” Baird added.