Genome study reveals how the woolly mammoth thrived in the cold

Jul 3, 2015

Genome study reveals how the woolly mammoth thrived in the cold

Woolly mammoths spent their lives enduring extreme Arctic conditions including frigid temperatures, an arid environment and the relentless cycle of dark winters and bright summers. An exhaustive genetic analysis of these bygone Ice Age giants and their living cousins, Asian and African elephants, has ...

Secret to restoring the scent of roses is found

Jul 3, 2015

Secret to restoring the scent of roses is found

Shakespeare said a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. These days, many kinds of roses have little fragrance. But a new discovery might change that. A study of roses that do have a strong scent revealed a previously unknown chemical process ...

Australian fishermen snag rare 'monster shark'

Jun 24, 2015

Australian fishermen snag rare 'monster shark'

Fishermen off Australia who accidentally caught a whopping 6.3-meter basking shark have provided scientists with a rare opportunity to study the second-biggest fish on the planet. Little is known about the species — smaller only than the whale shark — because it does not ...

Egg or sperm? Japan finds gene that makes the call

Jun 12, 2015

Egg or sperm? Japan finds gene that makes the call

Providing insight into the sometimes mysterious biology of reproduction, researchers in Japan have identified a gene that controls whether the reproductive precursor cells known as germ cells eventually become sperm or eggs. The scientists described experiments on a small fish called the medaka, or ...

China's big biotech bet starts to pay off

Jun 10, 2015

China's big biotech bet starts to pay off

Years of pouring money into its laboratories, wooing scientists home from overseas and urging researchers to publish and patent is starting to give China a competitive edge in biotechnology, a strategic field it sees as ripe for “indigenous innovation.” The vast resources China can ...

Dinosaur bones yield likely blood, collagen

Jun 10, 2015

Dinosaur bones yield likely blood, collagen

Scientists said Tuesday they have discovered what appear to be red blood cells and collagen fibers in dinosaur bones, a find that may boost prospects of prizing organic remains from a much wider range of fossils. Using molecular microscopy, a British team analyzed eight ...

Mysterious deep-sea oarfish washes up in California

Jun 4, 2015

Mysterious deep-sea oarfish washes up in California

A dead oarfish, a mysterious and serpent-like creature that swims deep below the ocean’s surface, has washed up on a Southern California island and a university biologist will study the remains, officials said on Wednesday. Amy Catalano said she and a co-worker at the ...