STOCKHOLM – A real hobbit village will soon nestle in the lush forests of a Swedish island, a whimsical project billed as the first of its kind — but behind the fantasy gimmick lies a genuine interest for sustainable development.
The hobbits, small characters with hairy feet in novelist J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy classics, are a model of environmentally friendly living, said British hobbit-house architect Simon Dale.
“Hobbits portray people living a peaceful life in harmony with nature,” Dale, 35, said during a recent visit to Stockholm.
He was in town to plan for the cluster of 30 houses on Musko, an island located some 40 km from the city center amid Stockholm’s picturesque archipelago.
The island’s first hobbit house is scheduled to be ready in mid-2014, with the village completed within a few years.
At first sight, the huts resemble Bilbo Baggins’ dwelling in the 1937 novel “The Hobbit.”
“In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit,” begins Tolkien’s tale. “It had a perfectly round door like a porthole, painted green, with a shiny yellow brass knob in the exact middle.”
In Tolkien’s idyllic agrarian setting, the hobbits live in tune with nature — in stark contrast to the author’s era of mature industrialization.
The Swedish hobbit village will keep the notion of natural materials and soft, round shapes. The windows, doors and walls will all be curved.
Yet the houses will be more up to date, built for modern city-dwellers longing to retreat to nature on weekends and holidays.
An induction hob, beside a wood-burning range, will be the “most high-tech thing integrated,” said Dale, whose design promises airy ceilings up to 3.5 meters high.
Energy efficiency will be a primary goal, so heating will come from solar power and wood-burning.
Natural materials from the area will be used, such as timber, stone, sand, clay and grass.
Dale himself has lived in a hobbit house for the past decade with his wife and two kids.
The family now resides in the west Wales community of Lammas, the first British low-impact eco-village of its kind. Building the earth houses has become a passion, said Dale, originally a photographer.
The village is intended to appeal to those who care about the environment and want to live close to nature.
Sweden has in recent years seen a boom in eco-friendly urban renewal projects.
But Dale noted a key difference between those projects and his. They “aim to maximize the efficiency of resource consumption, while we aim to minimize resource consumption,” he said, adding that sustainability does not require fancy gadgets but can be attained by living simply.
He said Musko is the perfect location for his project.
Home to a naval base decommissioned nine years ago, the island has a natural forest and farming landscape, yet is conveniently equipped with well-developed infrastructure, including a grocery store, restaurant, pharmacy, public transport and a 3-km tunnel connecting it to the mainland.
The island is also home to an eco-project called Droemgaarden (The Dream Farm), which is building an environmentally sustainable community and invited Dale to collaborate. Apart from his hobbit houses, the village will feature 350 eco-friendly homes.
Yet for the moment the entire project remains in the realm of fantasy pending real-world bureaucratic clearance.
“It’s up to the municipality to give us the green light, but we’re optimistic,” said project organizer Marie Eriksson.