GENEVA – A spectacular and rare orange diamond, the largest known gem of its kind, was auctioned off Tuesday for a record $31.5 million in Geneva.
“At the back of the hall, 29 million francs. Sold!” the Christie’s auctioneer said as the fiery almond-shaped gem was snapped up in a room of about 200 people in a luxury Geneva hotel. The price excluded another $4.04 million in taxes and commission.
The man who made the purchase swiftly got up and left the room to a round of applause. Christie’s did not reveal his identity.
The deep orange gemstone, which was found in South Africa, weighs a whopping 14.82 carats. The Gemological Institute of America (GIA) has handed it the top rating for colored diamonds: “fancy vivid.”
Pure orange diamonds, also known as “fire diamonds,” are extremely uncommon and very few have been auctioned, with the largest never exceeding six carats.
“To have one that’s over 14 carats is exceptional,” Christie’s international Jewelry Director David Warren said. He said “The Orange” was “the largest recorded vivid orange diamond in the world.”
In 1990 the 4.77-carat yellow-orange Graff Orange diamond was sold for $3.92 million, and in 1997 the vivid orange Pumpkin diamond of 5.54 carats was sold for $1.32 million.
Christie’s had estimated “The Orange” would rake in $17 million to $20 million.
Colored diamonds, once considered a curiosity, are rarer than white diamonds and today attract higher prices per carat than even the most flawless, translucent stone. That, Warren explained, is because, “colored diamonds are real freaks of nature. They begin as white diamonds, and it’s some accidental coloring agent in the ground that will turn it a particular color.”
Green diamonds, for instance, are colored by radioactivity in the ground, blue diamonds get their color from boron, and yellow diamonds, which in very rare cases turn orange, are colored by nitrogen. Pink diamonds meanwhile get their color from a distortion in the crystal lattice as the stone is taking shape.
Colored diamonds “are extraordinarily rare stones,” agreed David Bennett, who heads the European jewelry division at Sotheby’s. Christie’s rival was set to auction off a flawless 59.60-carat vivid pink diamond called “The Pink Star” in Geneva later Wednesday, with an asking price of $60 million.
Like “The Orange,” the flawless plum-sized shimmering “Pink Star” has received the highest possible color rating from GIA, as well as top marks for clarity. It is also the largest of its kind, Bennett said, insisting the anonymous seller was not asking too much.
“Very, very few of these stones have ever appeared at auction and three years ago, a five-carat vivid pink made over $10 million. So the estimate on this stone of $60 million would appear to be very reasonable,” he said.
For those who can’t cough up that kind of money, both Christie’s and Sotheby’s Magnificent Jewels auctions will also offer a range of other items of historic importance but with lighter price-tags.
There is for instance a seven-strand pearl necklace sold by “a royal family” at an asking price of $4.5 million. Or the shimmering emerald and diamond necklace by Cartier that has been in the collection of Bolivian tycoon Simon Itturi Patino since he bought it for his wife in 1938.
That piece was expected to rake in up to $10 million Tuesday evening.