WELLINGTON – A botulism scare that sparked global recalls of Fonterra milk products was a false alarm and there was never any danger to consumers, New Zealand officials said Wednesday after new tests.
The crisis led to infant formula being taken off shelves from China to Saudi Arabia earlier this month and damaged New Zealand’s “clean, green” reputation in key Asian markets.
However, New Zealand’s Ministry of Primary Industries said a barrage of tests ordered after it sounded the alarm had confirmed the contaminant was not the potentially fatal clostridium botulinum, but a milder bug called clostridium sporogenes.
“It is therefore not capable of producing botulism-causing toxins,” the ministry said.
“There are no known food-safety issues associated with clostridium sporogenes, although at elevated levels certain strains may be associated with food spoilage.”
It said the initial tests had pointed to botulism contamination but subsequent checks on a further 195 samples in laboratories in New Zealand and the U.S. showed no sign of the bacteria.
“We are very, very relieved that this is not a food-safety issue and that none of the children in the world were affected by this event,” Fonterra Chief Executive Theo Spierings told reporters.
The dairy industry accounts for about a quarter of New Zealand’s exports and ministry acting Director-General Scott Gallacher said officials had been right to issue a public warning early.
Spierings, who rushed to Beijing at the height of the crisis to apologize to Chinese consumers, agreed, saying quick recalls and transparency on the issue had helped reassure anxious parents.
“Not many people would have taken this drastic step but for us, even the risk that one child in the world (falls sick) is unacceptable,” he said.
He said the fact that Fonterra effectively “blew the whistle on ourselves” would help restore its image in places such as China, where the baby formula market is worth about 3.0 billion New Zealand dollars ($2.4 billion) a year to New Zealand.
The Fonterra chief said the tests that incorrectly identified botulism, sparking the global recalls, were carried out by a New Zealand government agency called AgResearch.
Asked if the dairy giant was considering legal action against the agency after the scare saw it scrambling to maintain its international reputation, he replied: “It’s too early to say.”