Japanese ate more salmon than horse mackerel last year as advances in freezing technology boosted imported products and as working couples favored processed fish that is easier to prepare, a government report said Friday.
The fiscal 2009 white paper on fisheries also highlighted the need to revitalize the industry by raising global competitiveness of the country’s fish farming and promoting export of processed fish products amid a continuous drift away from fish consumption.
Using figures from a household spending survey, the fisheries report calculates the purchase volume per person for each fish item.
In 1965, horse mackerel topped the list in terms of purchase volume, followed by squid and mackerel in a reflection of preference for fish caught near Japan.
In 2009, salmon, which did not make the top five in 1965, took the No. 1 slot, followed by squid and tuna as people bought fish that are easier to process.