The United Nations should allow a “limited number of nations,” including at least one country that does not possess nuclear weapons, to join the Security Council as permanent members, according to a report compiled Monday by an advisory panel to the foreign minister.
The report, submitted to Foreign Minister Yoriko Kawaguchi, is aimed at providing the government with fresh ammunition to achieve its longtime ambition of becoming a permanent UNSC member.
The panel also said the UNSC needs to reflect the “realities of the international community in the 21st century.” It urged the government to position U.N. reform as its “most important diplomatic task” and set up a body or a new position of special envoy toward this end.
The new permanent council members should be selected by vote and be able to exercise the same veto right as the current five permanent members, the report says.
The government should urge other nations to scrap a clause in the U.N. Charter that classifies Japan and six other nations that fought against the Allies during World War II as enemy states, it says.
The charter, adopted in 1945, allows the U.N. to resort to the use of arms without UNSC approval if these “enemy” nations are believed to be invading other countries.
A meeting involving members of the U.N.’s High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change is to be held in Kyoto next month. The panel was appointed to study global threats and reforms to the global organization last year.