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Japan Cabinet minister wary of opening ‘Pandora’s box’ of immigration

by and

Bloomberg

Japan should fix its shrinking workforce by enabling women to work, before turning to the “Pandora’s box” of immigration, the country’s minister for the empowerment of women said in an interview last week.

Haruko Arimura, a 44-year-old mother of two, said Japan must act fast to change a trend that could otherwise see the workforce decline by almost half by 2060. But she warned if immigrants were mistreated — something she’d witnessed overseas — it raised the risk of creating resentment in their ranks.

“Many developed countries have experienced immigration,” she said in her Tokyo office. “The world has been shaken by immigrants who come into contact with extremist thinking like that of ISIL, bundle themselves in explosives and kill people indiscriminately in the country where they were brought up,” Arimura said, using one of the acronyms for Islamic State.

“If we want to preserve the character of the country and pass it on to our children and grandchildren in better shape, there are reforms we need to carry out now to protect those values.”

Some economists have urged the government to accept more foreigners to make up for a slide in the working age population. While Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has noted there is a need for workers from overseas to help with housework and care of the elderly, he’s promoted female workers instead — appointing Arimura to the new post last year to spearhead the effort.

Arimura, whose husband is from Malaysia, said more immigration could add to social tension. For example, she felt uneasy when she saw one of her husband’s relatives make an Indonesian nanny sleep on a hotel floor while family members slept in beds.

“It’s a matter of course over there, but it would be unthinkable in Japan,” she said. “It would build up dissatisfaction with society.”

Japan’s working-age population may fall as low as 44.2 million by 2060 from 81.7 million in 2010, according to a projections from the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. At the same time, people aged 65 or over will rise to almost 40 percent of the population.

Relying only on women to make up the shortfall may be difficult, given that 1 in 3 wants to be a full-time housewife, according to a survey published by the government in 2013. About 60 percent leave their jobs when they have their first child.

Increased immigration poses its own challenges in Japan. Cultural barriers to outsiders are rooted in a two-century isolationist policy under the Tokugawa shogunate, which banned most immigration until 1853. A genre of writing called nihonjinron focuses on the theory that the Japanese are a unique people.

The number of registered foreign residents has been flat since 2006 at just over 2 million. That’s out of a population of about 127 million.

Public attitudes toward new arrivals may be changing. About 51 percent of Japanese support a more open immigration policy, according to a survey published by the Asahi newspaper last month. Some 34 percent oppose the idea.

“There are things we should do before we talk about that Pandora’s box,” Arimura said.

Her task is to convince voters that putting more women to work is the best solution. She said she realized the policy could cause confusion among backers of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party, given its past support for traditional family arrangements.

The government has no intention of interfering with the “precious” lifestyles of women who want to devote themselves to their families, Arimura said. Instead, she said it wanted to support those who might otherwise be forced to abandon careers because of family responsibilities, or who wish to resume working after raising children.

Arimura described as “a good start” a new draft bill obliging employers with more than 300 staff to publish gender breakdown statistics and plans to promote women. While noncompliance carries no penalty, she said the legislation would give a picture of how women are faring at work and pointers on the problems they face.

While Abe wants women to fill 30 percent of management positions by 2020, he faces an uphill task. Women accounted for just over 8 percent of management positions in private-sector companies employing more than 100 people last year, according to government data.

“In terms of tackling the low birthrate and promoting women, the next five or 10 years will decide the trend for Japan, whether it goes up or down,” Arimura said. “In a way, it’s the last chance.”

  • JusenkyoGuide

    I must be missing something, if the problem is the rapidly aging workforce… wouldn’t the current population of women age just as fast as the men?

    Temporary boost is temporary.

  • Al_Martinez

    What a racist statement: equating immigrants with the evils of the world.

  • Sumobob

    The
    Minister’s position is all over the map so I don’t know where to begin. On the
    one hand the Arimura seems to show compassion and understanding for the plight
    of new immigrants being taken advantage of and marginalized in their new
    countries. But she couches her arguments in that classic passive-aggressive argument
    of “It would be terrible if A were to happen as a result of B” which
    has been used time and time again to read readers down the garden path to the
    inevitable stock answer “change will not be good for Japan.”

    She
    states her shock of the treatment of a (presumably immigrant) nanny by her
    gaijin husband’s family in Indonesia (“Such a thing would be unthinkable
    in Japan!” – one wonders if she’s even vaguely aware of Japan’s
    “trainee” program) but then worries that immigrants to Japan might
    (if mistreated – didn’t she state that such a thing would be unthinkable here?)
    grow up resentful and want to indiscriminately kill people in their adopted
    land.

    So we
    get it. Immigration is scary and will be bad for Japan. So we should promote
    women in the workforce, but not make anything mandatory for government or the
    private sector. But either way, we’ll know the fate of Japan within the next
    five or ten years (even though we’ve basically concluded what will happen –
    nothing).

    Swell.

  • Paul Johnny Lynn

    So naturally she enters the conversation with a negative phrase : “Pandora’s Box”, because we know that foreigners are the cause of a country’s ills anywhere; (just ask Germans of the 1930’s); but especially in Japan, ね?

  • A.J. Sutter

    Speaking as an immigrant to Japan who isn’t of Japanese ancestry, I absolutely concur that expanding immigration should be pursued cautiously. Certainly it’s a bad idea to invite immigrants who come here solely for economic reasons, and who don’t feel loyalty to Japan or wish to make some sort of contribution to it: that creates tremendous social and political problems for the future.

    Japan has a way to go in reducing the barriers to building that loyalty, and perhaps even in perceiving it as a desirable goal. So there’s definitely a problem on the Japanese side, in addition to the question of immigrants’ motivations. But it would be dangerous to take the advice of many Western economics pundits and open the doors to migrants whose political loyalties lie elsewhere.

    The same holds true for ANY country — the mention of nihonjinron here is a red herring. The US became great because immigrants there, my grandparents among them, wanted to be Americans. Countries who take in “guest workers” and former colonial powers who have allowed people from former colonies to migrate for economic reasons don’t achieve the same sort of society, and see problems either from former colonial populations (e.g., French and British residents joining Daesh) or from a right-wing backlash against the immigrants (e.g., German violence against Turks and others).

    Given that some sort of armed confrontation with China seems at least 50-50 likely within the 21st Century, it would be pretty stupid, for example, to take in lots of economic immigrants from China who remain politically loyal to their home country. It would be stupid for the US or a number of other countries to do the same: no nihinjinron issue involved. But Japan should make it easier for people who sincerely want to be a part of Japan to do so, regardless of where they come from — including any such “special permanent residents” who may want to naturalize.

    Finally, as to women, making working life more flexible and economically stable for men is also necessary if Japan wants to see more families and kids. What’s needed are shorter working hours and a decent living wage for both parents.

  • http://www.thevenusproject.com Eric Garland

    Considering the many ills Japan as a nation is going through, opening ‘Pandora’s box’ sounds like a fair deal, as it can release hope into the equation. Some pointers for those in the Japanese Diet willing to pursue some serious immigration reform:

    1. Allow naturalization for any immigrant whom already owns, maintains, and pays for property on Japanese soil.
    2. Allow naturalization for any second-generation immigrants whom were born, raised, and currently living in Japan.
    3. Allow lax, but limited immigration from nations within the East Asian cultural sphere (preferably Taiwan and Vietnam).
    4. Allow any refugee from nations bordering the Pacific Ocean to claim asylum in Japan.

  • Paul Martin

    Japan should treat all immigrants equally to Japanese. Japanese who live in other countries are treated fairly and with equal respect and dignity for work, housing and socially, the same cannot be said about gaijin here !

  • J.P. Bunny

    Message from the government seems to be that women should be free to work as hard as men, unless it gets in the way of their “precious” lifestyle. Immigrants welcome as long as they realize they are here to clean up after us and take care of our elderly.

  • http://registeredalien.weebly.com gpiper

    Minister in charge of administrative reform and gender equality Haruko Arimura’s anecdote about seeing an Indonesian relative’s nanny sleeping on a hotel floor sounds interesting, but it really isn’t. It only sounds that way. I think she’s trying but failing to make a relevant point within the scope of her government portfolio. But most of her comments seem to fail to reach that threshold. She’s just wagging her tongue with tripe.

    Three times the story issues vague warnings about social resentment, unease and dissatisfaction as possible trickle-down effects of increased immigration. Never mind that harmony, or wa, is a myth for starters and Japan is riddled with native disharmony, dissatisfaction and resentment. Maybe the addition of more foreigners would settle things down a bit. Japanese prisons are filled with Japanese felons, and statistically immigrants are more law abiding than the natives.

    Even so, the minister reflexively frames immigration as a crime issue, thereby demonstrating the tiger’s inability to change its stripes. I object to her premises. By repeating the standard Japanese excuse she dodges the opportunity and the burden of taking a sounder stand on matters. In ddition, her statement that “There are things we should do before we talk about” the Pandora’s box of immigration is insultingly disingenuous in the way that it carelessly ignores the fact that the current demographic situation was sufficiently predicted in the 1960s. The government has had over fifty years to plan and do what it “should” do, and it hasn’t. So be quiet!

  • http://registeredalien.weebly.com gpiper

    I think there is a lingering notion among Japanese – a notion that continues to be exposed in Arimura’s remarks – that Japanese are vulnerable to dangerous foreigners, and that constitutes another reason to resist large scale immigration. But I find the opposite to be true. In Japan it is vulnerable foreigners who are endangered by, or suffer at the hands of dangerous Japanese. Japanese are sooooo dangerous!!!