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Abe, India’s Modi agree to boost security, economic ties amid China’s increasing territorial ambitions

by Masaaki Kameda

Staff writer

In talks Monday, Japan and India agreed to boost security and economic ties amid China’s increasing territorial ambitions and military strength.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his visiting Indian counterpart, Narendra Modi, signed a joint declaration to further strengthen their strategic partnership after a summit at the Akasaka State Guest House in Tokyo.

“I have been always saying Japan-India relationship holds the greatest potential,” Abe said at a joint news conference with Modi after signing the declaration. “Hand in hand with Prime Minister Modi, I’d like to elevate our bilateral relationship to a special strategic and global partnership by enhancing relations fundamentally in every field.”

Modi said his visit to Japan this time highlighted a mutual trust and signified deeper relations between Japan and his country. Japan is the first country outside the Indian subcontinent he has visited on a bilateral basis since he took office in May.

“Japan occupies an extremely high position in our foreign policy,” Modi told reporters at the news conference. “The reason is Japan has played a very important role in the development and growth of India.”

Modi also noted his country and Japan as peaceful states and democracies would exert influence in the world and region by cooperating in various fields.

Abe and Modi agreed to work harder to launch a “two-plus-two” security consultative framework involving their foreign and defense ministers.

They also agreed to continue joint maritime exercises in addition to trilateral drills conducted with the United States on a regular basis.

Japan’s sovereignty has been challenged by China over the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, a group of uninhabited islets that are controlled by Japan but also claimed by China, which calls them Diaoyu, and by Taiwan, where they are known as Tiaoyutai.

For its part, India is becoming more concerned over China’s expanding presence in the Indian Ocean, and also ongoing border disputes in the Himalayan region.

The two leaders agreed to speed up discussions on the conditions for Japan to supply maritime search and rescue aircraft to India, a deal in the works since last December.

The Abe administration in April eased the nation’s long-held ban on weapons exports, including technology transfers.

On the economic front, Abe announced a target to double Japan’s investment and the number of Japanese companies operating in India within five years. He also expressed his intention to carry out about ¥3.5 trillion of private and public investment and financing, including its Official Development Assistance, to the South Asia nation in five years.

Furthermore, Abe and Modi agreed to strengthen cooperation on rare earth minerals. The move will likely allow Japan to reduce its reliance on China for the supply of such metals, which are necessary to manufacture high-tech products including mobile phones and hybrid cars.

Japan and India also vowed further cooperation on shinkansen technology for its high-speed railway project linking Mumbai and Ahmedabad.

At a luncheon with Japanese and Indian business leaders earlier in the day, Modi called for further cooperation from Japan in industrial research and development, including the area of clean energy.

“I would like to work together with Japan in the field of research and development. We should (cooperate) continuously,” Modi said.

He stressed his desire to promote clean energy in India. “I don’t want to create energy by destroying nature,” he said in reference to using coal and other fossil fuels.

In developing environmentally friendly energy, “Japan’s cooperation will play significant roles,” Modi said, adding that providing clean energy to the 1.2 billion people living in India will also help fight global warming.

Regarding the sensitive issue of the peaceful use of atomic energy, the leaders did not strike any agreement but welcomed efforts made so far.

A pact would pave the way for Japan to export nuclear reactors to India.

They apparently couldn’t bridge gaps over the terms of such an accord, in which Japan wants to specify that the deal can be suspended if India conducts nuclear weapons tests.

India has not signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty designed to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and technology.

Earlier in the day, Abe’s Cabinet ministers paid courtesy calls to Modi. Among them were Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida, industry minister Toshimitsu Motegi, transport minister Akihiro Ota and Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera.

Modi arrived at Kansai International Airport on Saturday for a five-day visit.

On Sunday, the Indian leader toured Kyoto, where he visited historic Buddhist temples and met officials from the city and prefectural governments. Modi was accompanied by Abe on his visit to the 1,200-year-old Toji Temple. During his visit to the Kyoto University Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, he was briefed about its research by Shinya Yamanaka, the facility’s director and Nobel Prize laureate.

Modi is scheduled to meet with Emperor Akihito as well as to give lectures in Tokyo on Tuesday.

Modi was sworn in as prime minister in May after a general election in which his Bharatiya Janata Party won an outright majority in the country’s lower house of parliament.

He became chief minister of Gujarat state, in western India, in 2001 and received high praise for economic policies that prompted development and growth in the state. He previously visited Japan in 2007 and 2012.

(Information from Kyodo added.) 

  • Jai Ganesh

    This co-operation will be helpful to prvent China’s uncontrolled desire of expansion…good work Abe-Modi.

  • milind

    I think there is a natural and built in treaty between India and Japan.Socially and culturally we are very similar.And India and Japan together can create peaceful world.

    • phu

      Socially and culturally? I’m sorry, but HOW? Japan’s insular, group-centric, don’t-rock-the-boat nature matches absolutely not at all with India’s caste-based, violent, enthusiastically (though poorly) internationalizing attitude.

      Japan is a fading power, and India is shooting itself in the foot after a fast but uncontrolled economic rise. Neither has any potential on the world stage without major cultural and economic change: Japan needs to stop embracing discrimination and make real improvements to its economy, and India needs to end its poverty and rape epidemics, get some sort of basic universal sanitation going, and reform its diploma-mill academic industry.

      These are not nations that are currently capable of leading or creating anything. Instead of patting yourself on the back, try actually building societies worthy of emulation. There are so very few that the opportunity is there, particularly with the US shedding that distinction years ago.

      • RameshHeg

        You are so full of it. It is amusing.
        There are rape epidemics in India? You must be one of those leftist extremists just badmouthing their native countries.
        India has problems and we are trying to fix them. India has been a leader in entire human history. Unless you think invading and occupying other countries or stealthily enslaving other countries as the British did is “leading”.
        About “creating”, yes India missed out the industrial revolution and scientific development in the last 400 years, but this is not permanent.
        Japanese society to may have problems, but it is among the greatest of civilizations and is a society worthy of emulation. YOUR EXTREME HYPE NOT WITHSTANDING.

      • .Hugo.

        you should india has been one of the leaders in the human history, as it’s not the only one.

      • mirror

        Read news for the first time?

  • wada

    Does the next in Australia focus on a relationship-building with India? This political power is good at diplomacy.

  • CalvinFountain

    I am a Chinese working as a China analyst at a think tank. It is becoming more and more apparent to many people, that the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) knows it is on its last straw of survival.

    The party is facing severe and endlessly increasing systematic stress on all fronts:

    1. Increasing external oppositions from all other countries in the world including all of China’s neighbours. They are forming more and more alliances and becoming more outspoken with rising strengths against China, in addition to increasing anti-China sentiment from people in all other countries. Many countries including Canada and Australia and U.S. have just tightened their immigration policy to prevent Chinese from entering their countries. Even on these casual internet message boards, when you look past the paid Chinese propaganda professional commenters, you notice rising general anti-China feelings from all over the world.

    2. Increasing internal severe and massive violent social unrest and anti-CCP mutiny from people of all Chinese living places. To beat down internal dissent in mainland China, the CCP every year is forced to spend even more money than on its massive military budget. All the semi-external places (Hong Kong, Xinjiang, Tibet, Macau) are fighting harder and harder to break free from China. Taiwan is for all practical purposes already a separate democratic country, with its own army specificly trained to fight the PLA, and anti-China sentiment there (especially among younger Taiwanese generation) is at all-time high after seeing how China violently suppress Hong Kong as an example of “reunification”. This whole situation is continuously worsened by the free flow of information, with Chinese people knowing more and more from travelling abroad and learning about truths from jumping beyond the “Great Fire Wall” on the internet.

    3. Its own economy and social system never able to advance to higher level beyond mass skill-less manufacturing, due to complete absence of law and common morals. High technology and innovations and scientific development all require many citizens working together voluntarily contributing long term in a system they trust, with things like rule of law, no censorship on knowledge, no restrictions on speech and expression, copyrights, open minds, patents, common morals when collaborating and trading with each other etc. These qualities are all destroyed in modern China by the CCP. When was the last time you heard an announcement of technology development or innovations or scientific breakthrough coming from a Chinese organization / company / university? You haven’t because there ain’t any. Unlike mass manufacturing factory work, high level human developments cannot be forced by or bought with a dictator’s central planning. The only way contemporary China gets these things is from stealing and spying from all other countries e.g. secretly installing spywares in foreign executives’ electronic devices when they enter China, but that has become much more difficult since the whole world has caught on to their act.

    This systematic fatal flaw is why you do not see even one Chinese brand or company that can compete in the international market in any industry of the human race. For example Lenovo, who is already one of the few Chinese brands some people may have heard of, cannot make either the chips that power their computers or the operating system that run them, so it is just one of many plain vanilla boxmakers without any competitive advantage offering only cheap price. Another example Huawei is blacklisted by many countries and international customers because everyone knows Huawei’s products send all communication data back to the CCP. This CCP weakness is also why China cannot produce even one home-grown science Nobel Prize winner in its history, nor one famous business guru, nor one cultural figure, not even a third rate national soccer team. No rule of law in China also means no people or businesses, both Chinese and foreign, ever invest in China long-term or on a large scale because everything frequently change on a whim along with the political climate. No one trusts any contract or agreement in China because they are always broken by the Chinese and there is no legal protection whatsoever, meaning China can never advance to a knowledge economy or service economy. Your business can be taken from you any second by the military police working for someone with “guanxi”. No rule of law also ensures Shanghai fail to become a financial city despite the CCP dumping huge resources into it for 30 years.

    4. China’s mass skill-less manufacturing itself is going away to other countries due to sharply increasing costs and openly hostile and unfair business environment full of frauds and sanctioned protectionism and government robberies. The labor force is endlessly more demanding in wages and benefits expectations and working conditions, especially since all of today’s Chinese workers are single child used to coddling and indulgement by their own family. It is further worsened by the rise of robotic automatic manufacturing and 3D printing. This situation is a death knock to the “growth-based legitimacy” of the CCP, which is the only thing CCP can rely on for continuing ruling power. For sure Chinese people tolerate or even “like” the CCP when the economy seemingly explodes, but when one day it crashes and the country’s hopeless bad shape hit them in the face the people’s “support” for the CCP will turn on a dime.

    Since six months ago, all the major economic indicators for China have gone on a continuing nosedive – including manufacturing orders, export volume, commercial investments, graduate employment rate, corporate credits, foreign capital inflow, domestic consumptions, real estate prices, consumer spendings, luxury goods demand, HSBC Service PMI, survey of business sentiments etc. Suddenly all the rich Chinese tourists gobbling up luxury goods at different world cities seem to have disappeared altogether. The CCP is on its last resort of printing literally trillions of worthless renminbi to dump into massive failing and zero ROI “state projects” that only enrich corrupted CCP officials. China’s huge multi-year increase of M2 money supply (it is afraid to publish the figures citing “national security”) causes way more long-term harm on itself than short-term help, and when that is over there is nothing else the CCP can do to prop up the failing economy. China currently ranks 82nd on GDP per capita and that is the highest it can go before falling sharply in the coming near future.

    5. Fierce unstoppable purges and mutually-destructive infighting among different factions within the party, who are imprisoning and killing each other every day. This power grab goes on under the laughable thin guise of “anti-corruption drive” when everyone knows all officials in china are corrupted. No work to manage the country or guide the ship is being done while this is going on.

    6. Its many previously-suppressed fatal problems have all grown too big to be contained all catching up to the CCP e.g.

    - severe carcinogenic poisonous pollution everywhere in air and water and soil and their own food etc, with the WHO issuing multiple warnings on Chinese population having the fastest cancer growth rate in the whole world
    - skyrocketing unrepayable bad debts of all kinds everywhere, its true scope no one on Earth knows because all data from China are faked
    - biggest housing bubble in human history, in addition to innumerous crumbling “ghost cities” and shoddily-built vanity project “GDP-creating” infrastructure that cannot and will not be used
    - rapidly aging demographics with a 140:100 male:female ratio (from one child policy, culture of “leftover women”, and many Chinese families killing their own daughters so as to chase boys)
    - world’s no.1 wealth inequality, with a Gini coefficient rivaling 18th century France just before the French revolution
    - complete absence of soft power / cultural influence / social attraction, partly due to CCP censorship. One result of which is minimal and sharply dwindling number of foreign professionals and tourists and students going to China. It also means the CCP only has force as the only tool to use on the international stage
    - all Chinese chasing foreign-brand goods and services while ditching low-quality Chinese-brands, who have a well known history of poisoning their own food and their own baby formula so as to make more money. This dashs CCP’s hope to build indigenous industries and a domestic consumption economy
    - corruptions and fraud throughout the whole rotten core of a system
    - desperate mass exodus at all levels of Chinese society to escape the country using emigration or buying houses / study abroad or marriage to foreigners or plain old human smuggling, resulting in all able Chinese leaving taking huge amounts of talents and money out of the country
    - the law of large numbers, “middle-income trap”, “Minsky moment”, “Lewis inflection point” all work against the growth-based legitimacy CCP desperately needs for its survival

    Most importantly, the CCP knows that if 1.4 billion Chinese learn about basic human qualities such as morals, truth, justice, human rights, rule of law, fairness, freedom, universal values etc the CCP will be toppled very quickly. Therefore its state-controlled brainwashing education and propaganda machinations ensure a complete lack of morals and regard for laws in all Chinese growing up and beyond. Coupled with the fact that Chinese do not work well together, this results in failure in all basic aspects of human interactions with every modern Chinese, whether it is business trading / personal dealings / technology development / creating innovations / human communications / scientific research / artistic expressions / teamwork collaborations / academic exchange etc. Another propaganda brainwashing technique used by the CCP is to make all Chinese people pathologically nationalistic and very emotional on this issue, so the CCP can always create and point to some “foreign enemies” so as to hide all the domestic crises and government robberies going on. This attention-diverting technique is the same trick magicians have used for more than a thousand years to fool their audience.

    An interesting example would be the Chinese reaction to this report – they are expected to dismiss this report as total rubbish, accuse the author “unpatriotic” for saying the truth, shout China will only become richer and stronger than all other countries, yet they will give no counter-arguments and they will make no acknowledgement to the horrible factual conditions and complete lack of basic human qualities listed above in modern China. Ironically, the longer Chinese people deny or refuse to acknowledge the CCP problem, the longer they are only digging themselves into the hole and hurting themselves for any chance of recovery, causing the chinese economy to crash even further. Consider the example of Google, Facebook, Wikipedia, Youtube, Whatsapp, Twitter, Instagram etc – these services are all completely banned in China while at the same time the rest of the planet are on these services every second communicating ideas with each other, making friends, exchanging knowledge, doing business, working together, improving science and technology and arts, and advancing humanity.

    Some people say China economically developed a lot in past 20 years, but the truth is this “development” is actually debt borrowed against the future. After the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre of their own students, in order to survive and hang on to power, the CCP was forced to pursue short-term explosive economic growth that sacrifice everything else, including a foundation or potential for long-term economic and social development. This “scorched earth” policy is like winning the lottery for corrupted CCP officials who can rob a lot of money from the country in the short-term before escaping to America. The only entity left to suffer is China’s future from this point on, a country that has been turned by the CCP into a place with no law, no morals, no system for future scientific or economic or social development, no spiritual support apart from money, no trust or cooperation among Chinese, no trust or goodwill from foreigners, no other country as friends, all resources sold away cheaply, entire environment and air and water and soil and food fatally polluted, only social recognition is to make a lot of money for “face”, no creativity or personal development for Chinese young people, a populus not allowed to know the truths and not allowed to say the truths.

    The end result is that majority wealth of this “debt borrowed against the future” has gone to the 0.00000000001% elite ruling class “princeling” CCP families (about 250 of them) who have already smuggled trillions of dollars abroad along with their U.S. passports and their own children (all Chinese elites and Politburo members hold foreign passports, with U.S. and U.K. being the most sought after choice). For the CCP in 1989, 1.4 billion people is great central-planning asset when the country start from nothing and you order them to do backbreaking mass manufacturing repetitive factory work 20 hours a day without workers protection of any kind. But in the 2014 borderless knowledge economy when that no longer works, 1.4 billion immoral and uncooperative and selfish and undeveloped and angry Chinese contained in a lawless system without any hopes of growth is very, very dangerous liability for the CCP.

    All debts against the future have to be paid back – China is no exception. That moment may arrive a bit later than expected but it surely will come, as it has on 100% of occasions in human history. In normal countries bad conditions correct themselves with short periods of market ups and downs, but in China the CCP suppress all problems and criticisms until inevitable system meltdown. For China the moment has arrived to suffer the consequences for all its own chosen actions in past 30 years. All the festering fundamental systematic problems listed above and much more, are only getting worse and worse everyday until one day when the system can suddenly no longer bear.

    Think USSR in 1989.

    ( Cliff notes summary for the smartphone generation with ADD, ADHD and Asperger’s:

    - The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) signed a deal with the devil to pursue miraculous short-term economic growth
    - Miraculous short-term economic growth has been achieved, now China has hit the wall on its path of no return, many bad conditions have caught up
    - CCP cannot go on externally, it cannot go on internally, economy has no way to go but greatly down, many fatal cancers and huge structural problems from the past now overwhelming the country
    - Something has to break, what happens is anyone’s guess, guaranteed to greatly impact China and the world )

    • .Hugo.

      wow just how many names you have? haha….

  • Air Cmde Raghubir Singh (Retd)

    Nations falling within the Chinese expansionism penumbra must fight back jointly -both politically and by showcasing military power -flexing especially Naval prowess.Otherwise the big Asian brother will be nibbling islands,laying claim to the maritime resources of oceans much beyond its territories.India and Japan lead by two visionary Premiers can show the world path of peace, inclusive growth and strength.

    • .Hugo.

      the nations worried are all the ones which have robbed china in the past. so now the thieves are trying to get together? that would be nice, haha….

  • neoTheSaviour

    Little disappointed that nuclear deal couldn’t go through. It
    would have been huge boost to energy starving India.

    Japan is the lone country which stands firmly on nuclear issue
    - despite the fact that it can have huge chuck of some 100 billion dollar pie.
    This definitely should be respected and appreciated.

    On the other hand, nuclear deal with Japan or not, India can
    never give up Nuclear weapon program. If somebody have any doubt in mind open any pakisatani newspaper and see what’s happening there. You never know what these fundamentalist are capable of – especially if India doesn’t possess effective nuclear deterrence. China which PM Modi described as expansionist can not be trusted either(In doubt? few days back civilized, UN Veto power holder, Russia’s Putin threatened not to mess up with “Nuclear Russia”). India doesn’t enjoy nuclear umbrella of USA as JAPAN (and that’s for good btw) and does not have any other alternative but to have nuclear deterrence.

    But overall, corporation on economic and defense front brings huge value. Japan and India are natural partners and this relationship poised to get better with each passing year – especially Modi at helm in India.

    Cheers and Peace!

    An Indian.

    • .Hugo.

      if india doesn’t disturb the chinese border and eye on china’s western frontier then you don’t have to worry about trusting china or not.

      india has lost the last border and it will not win the next one either.

  • DanLeonard

    It is really disappointing to know that the much expected civilian nuclear agreement did not take place during Mr Modi’s visit. This single agreement had the potential to completely transform the Indo-Japan relationship. India is planning to install about 30 new reactors of about 55000 MW capacity, which would cost about $ 125 billion. Japanese companies like Mitsubishi & Hitachi could get a major chunk of this pie. Moreover, Japan has learnt some lessons from recent nuclear mishaps, which could help India immensely in ensuring safety & security of the new reactors. Japan need to think out of box, to seal this deal before Mr Modi leaves Tokyo.

    • MastRam

      Japan should have gone ahead with the nuclear deal as India never was nor would be hostile towards Japan. It would have given Japan an alternative for weapon grade material in future.
      People in India are still optimistic that it will be resolved soon.