DAMASCUS/BEIRUT – The world’s chemical weapons watchdog began Saturday to examine details of Syria’s chemical arsenal supplied by the regime, and rebels agreed to a cease-fire with jihadists in a key border town.
China urged a quick implementation of a landmark U.S.-Russian deal to destroy Syria’s chemical stockpile as the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is tasked with dismantling the weapons, said it had received an initial report from President Bashar Assad’s regime on the arsenal.
In New York, U.N. envoys were due to resume talks on a draft Security Council resolution that would enshrine the plan to neutralize the weapons.
The U.S.-Russian plan to dismantle the chemical arms stockpile has helped prevent U.S.-led military action following a chemical attack last month that killed hundreds of people and which Washington blames on the regime.
Under the plan, Assad’s regime had until Saturday to supply details of its arsenal.
On the eve of the disclosure deadline, the Hague-based OPCW said it “has received an initial disclosure from the Syrian government of its chemical weapons program.” Its Technical Secretariat was examining the details Saturday, it said.
A U.N. diplomat said the OPCW had received the Syrian declaration Thursday. “It is quite lengthy,” he said.
The OPCW has postponed a meeting of its Executive Council set for Sunday that had been due to discuss how to dismantle Syria’s chemical weapons program. The plan stipulates that the regime hand over its chemical weapons and facilities, which would be destroyed by mid-2014.
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said he and his Russian counterpart, Sergey Lavrov, spoke on the telephone Friday about a “strong” U.N. Security Council resolution on the deal. “We talked about the cooperation which we both agreed to continue to provide, moving not only towards the adoption of the OPCW rules and regulations, but also a resolution that is firm and strong within the United Nations,” Kerry said. “We will continue to work on that.”
Syria’s main Western-backed opposition group warned Friday that the expanding influence of al-Qaida-linked militants in the rebel movement is undermining its struggle for a free Syria.
The warning came as a cease-fire ended fighting near the Turkish border between the mainstream rebels and fighters belonging to the al-Qaida offshoot known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). During the battle, the jihadis overran the town of Azaz.
As the cease-fire took hold, al-Qaida militants fought heavy street battles against Kurdish gunmen in northern Syria.
The infighting was some of the worst in recent months between forces seeking to bring down Assad, and it threatened to further fragment an opposition movement outgunned by the regime.
The Syrian National Coalition, the main opposition group, condemned ISIL, saying the jihadis’ push to establish an Islamic state goes against the principles of the Syrian revolution. “ISIL no longer fights the Assad regime. Rather, it is strengthening its positions in liberated areas at the expense of the safety of civilians,” the statement said. “ISIL is inflicting on the people the same suppression of the Baath Party and the Assad regime.”
Al-Qaida-linked fighters in Syria have been some of the most effective forces on the battlefield, fighting alongside the rebels’ Free Syrian Army against government forces. But the two factions have turned their guns on each other, and turf wars and retaliatory killings have evolved into ferocious battles that have effectively become a war within a war in northern and eastern Syria, leaving hundreds dead on both sides.
Late Thursday, fighters from ISIL and the Free Syrian Army agreed on an immediate cease-fire in Azaz, activists and opposition groups said. The two sides also agreed to free fighters captured by each side, according to the British-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
The deal calls for setting up a checkpoint between the two sides. They also agreed to take disputes before an Islamic council that would soon be established.
The fighting in Azaz and the prospect of al-Qaida militants so close to the frontier prompted Turkey to close a nearby border crossing.
Veteran opposition figure Kamal Labwani said the international community’s disregard for Syrian lives has strengthened extremists in Syria, adding that the ISIL has become a force that the FSA is unable to deal with.
ISIL “invaded Azaz in one hour. Nobody can confront such extremists. They know how to work, they know how to plan,” he said.
Labwani said the FSA had no choice but to agree to a truce because it cannot afford to open another front.
The extremists’ presence “has spread like a disease that cannot be stopped,” he said.
But as the fighting in Azaz died down, ISIL fighters fought against Kurdish gunmen in in heavy streets battles in the northern province of Raqqa, the Observatory said. Such battles between the two groups have been common in the past months.
Syria’s Kurds find themselves enjoying near autonomy in the northeast after overstretched regime forces pulled back, ceding de facto control to armed Kurdish fighters.
But clashes have erupted in the Kurdish-controlled areas with increasing frequency in recent months, pitting Kurdish militias against rebels from two al-Qaida-linked factions — Jabhat al-Nusra and ISIL. Following the killing of a prominent Kurdish leader late last month, a powerful Kurdish militia said it was mobilizing to expel Islamic extremists.
ISIL members in Raqqa also publicly shot to death an army officer they had captured earlier because he belongs to Assad’s Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam, said Rami Abdul-Rahman, who heads the Observatory.
Abdullah Hassan, official spokesman for the local council in Raqqa, said via Skype that “all armed battalions and fighters, as well as civilians, are opposed to ISIL.”
“These people do not have the same goals as us. We didn’t liberate Azaz for them to come and occupy it again only this time with the rule of Islam,” he said. The town was among the first areas in northern Syria to fall into the hands of rebels.