LONDON – Archaeologists have found the buried remains of a mysterious prehistoric monument near Stonehenge in southern England.
Up to 90 standing stones, some originally 4.5 meters (15 feet) tall and dating back 4,500 years, may have been buried for millenniums under a bank of earth, they said.
The discovery was made at Durrington Walls — a huge “superhenge” less than 3 kilometers (1.8 miles) from Stonehenge — thanks to high-tech sensors.
The site may have been used in Neolithic times for rituals or as some kind of arena.
“Durrington Walls is an immense monument, and up until this point we thought it was merely a large bank and ditched enclosure, but underneath that massive monument is another monument,” Vincent Gaffney, of the University of Bradford, told the BBC.
The discovery was made by the Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project, a collaboration between the University of Birmingham and the Vienna-based Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (LBI ArchPro).
The newly discovered stones, which have yet to be excavated, are thought to have been toppled over, with the bank of the later Durrington Walls henge built over them.
The monument, which lies in the Stonehenge World Heritage Site, is one of the largest known henges — a circular bank or ditch that commonly surrounded a circle of stone or wooden uprights. It measures 500 meters across and more than 1.5 km (almost a mile) in circumference.
Surrounded by a 17.6-meter-wide (58-foot-wide) ditch and a bank around 1 meter high, the site has long mystified archaeologists, as one side is straight and the other is curved.
Now ground-penetrating radar has revealed that the straight edge sits on top of a “C-shaped” monument, which may have been used as a site for rituals or an arena for gatherings, researchers said.
Project initiator Wolfgang Neubauer, director of the LBI ArchPro, described the discovery as a “very important and fantastic finding” and said the monument could originally have comprised up to 200 stones.
“The missing stones might be the stone material which was used later on to build Stonehenge,” he explained, adding that those left in place were probably broken during attempts to move them.
Although none of the stones have yet been excavated, archaeologists believe they may be locally sourced stones similar to a single standing stone, known as “The Cuckoo Stone,” in an adjacent field.
The earthwork enclosure at Durrington Walls was built about a century after Stonehenge, a ring of standing stones that are believed to have been erected between 3000 and 2000 B.C.
Archeologists say the new stone row could date back to the same period, or even earlier.
“This discovery of a major new stone monument, which has been preserved to a remarkable extent, has significant implications for our understanding of Stonehenge and its landscape setting,” said Gaffney.
“Not only does this new evidence demonstrate a completely unexpected phase of monumental architecture at one of the greatest ceremonial sites in prehistoric Europe, the new stone row could well be contemporary with the famous Stonehenge sarsen circle or even earlier.”
Nick Snashall, a National Trust archaeologist for the Stonehenge site, said the findings provided “tantalizing evidence” of what lies beneath Durrington Walls.
“The presence of what appear to be stones, surrounding the site of one of the largest Neolithic settlements in Europe adds a whole new chapter to the Stonehenge story,” he said.