Japan’s obsession with testing is growing, according to new information from the Eiken Foundation of Japan. The foundation, which oversees one of Japan’s most oft-taken English exams, the Eiken, has reported that the number of primary school students taking the Eiken test in practical English proficiency has reached the highest number ever.
More than 200,000 primary school students sat for the exam in fiscal 2012, up 80 percent from 10 years ago.
The reasons why the foundation released the data by age group for the first time this year is unclear, but perhaps they would like to compete with the English exam currently being promoted by the Abe administration, the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). In Japan, not only test-takers compete, but test-makers compete as well.
The competition for applicants, status and income in the massive testing industry has never been fiercer. The push for greater internationalization in universities and the workplace has unfortunately not resulted in improved English, but rather in more customers eager to display their English ability through such exams.
Now, students younger than ever are taking English exams. According to the new data, among the 2.32 million applicants for Eiken exams in fiscal 2012, 206,800 were primary school students. That included 2,410 five-year-olds, 4,200 six-year-olds and 7,516 seven-year olds. While that may be a tiny percentage of the roughly 6.8 million primary school students in Japan, it shows that a not-insignificant number of parents are deciding that their children need to display their English accomplishments in quantative measurements.
Taking exams is not necessarily harmful to learners, but when test results are overemphasized, motivation becomes misdirected. Students can mistake the language for a paper-based, correct-answer activity, rather than a real world communicative tool.
Over-emphasis of exam results at too young an age is neither productive nor helpful. It is one more way that learners pay a lot of money and get little in return.
Schools, teachers and parents should move away from the testing obsession. There is no good reason why 5-year-olds need to display their achievements through such exams. Instead, energy can be better focused on developing children’s positive attitudes, broader understanding and all-around language skills.
English should become a life skill, not a test number. The pressure on young children to be tested on yet one more part of their education does little to advance the long-term goals of producing workers and members of society who can function satisfctorily in English. Japan desperately needs people with such skills to remain competitive in the 21st century.