‘Hiroshima Report’ gives North Korea failing grade for disarmament effort

Kyodo

North Korea scored poorly on efforts in nuclear arms reduction, nonproliferation and nuclear security in a report issued Monday by the Hiroshima Prefectural Government, which graded 31 nations.

The “Hiroshima Report” said that North Korea, which conducted its third nuclear test last February, scored negative points in nuclear arms reduction and nuclear security and zero in the field of nonproliferation.

The five major nuclear powers of Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States, meanwhile, were also slow in making progress on disarmament, according to the report, the second of its kind. The Hiroshima government began compiling the report last year, when it graded the arms reduction efforts of 19 nations.

The prefecture examined the disarmament and nonproliferation efforts of the five nuclear powers under the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, four nations known to “have” or suspected of having nuclear weapons — North Korea, India, Pakistan and Israel — and 22 “have-not” nations including Japan.

The report scored all nations in three categories — nuclear arms reduction, nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security — by examining 64 factors, including stockpiles of nuclear materials and their management systems, based on research by the Japan Institute of International Affairs in Tokyo.

This year’s report also took into consideration such points as attendance at peace memorial ceremonies held in August to commemorate the 1945 U.S. atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

North Korea received scores of minus 7 on a scale of 91 in nuclear arms reduction, zero on a scale of 61 in nonproliferation, and minus 2 on a scale of 41 in nuclear security.

As for the nuclear club, Britain ranked highest in nuclear disarmament at 22 on a scale to 94, followed by the United States and France, both at 20, China at 11 and Russia at 10.

The report said China and France have room for improvement in transparency, while the United States and Russia could do more on arms reduction.