Fukushima’s organic farmers still battle stigma

by

Special To The Japan Times

“All publicity is good publicity.” Nowhere does this specious PR maxim ring more hollow than in Fukushima Prefecture. As if the horrors of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and the meltdown at the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant weren’t traumatic enough, the region’s economic and agricultural recovery has been severely hampered by the reputational damage it has suffered since 3/11. If you think that’s difficult, try farming organically in Fukushima.

Falling prices and an aging agrarian population have made things tough for farmers all over Japan, but the presence of the word “Fukushima” on a supermarket label is often enough to discourage shoppers from buying produce, organic or not, grown in the area. Regardless of how far from contaminated areas it was grown — Fukushima is Japan’s third-largest prefecture — the region’s produce can’t easily shake the stigma of radiation.

An important hub in the network of NGOs, government bodies and corporate benefactors trying to change the prefecture’s image has been Orgando, a cafe and mini-market in Tokyo’s Shimokitazawa neighborhood, run with the backing of the Fukushima Organic Agriculture Network. For the past three years, Orgando has built a devoted following by serving Tokyo residents the best of Fukushima’s seasonal organic produce, in particular the crops that Fukushima is perhaps most known for: peaches, apples and rice. The menu changes daily, making creative use of the ingredients that come in, and the walls are proudly decorated with profiles of the 30 or so farmers who have grown the food. Sadly, as with many post-3/11 schemes, Orgando was only guaranteed official financial support until the five-year post-disaster milestone and is set to close March 20.

Orgando has played a valuable role in forging links between local producers and urban consumers, and dispelling the idea that all the region’s produce is dangerously contaminated — fruit and vegetables sold in the store are clearly labeled to show the levels of cesium isotopes they contain. Official food-safety guidelines stipulate 100 becquerels of radioactive isotopes per kilogram as the acceptable limit for adults, with 50 becquerels/kg for dairy produce and infant food, and 10 becquerels/kg for drinking water. The daikon, carrots and strawberries on offer this week contain no detectable cesium, while, according to their labels, bags of beans contained 6 becquerels/kg, a negligible dose of radiation compared to our daily exposure from soil and cosmic rays.

Allaying fears about contamination was one of the themes discussed during a February event in Tokyo focused on the role organic agriculture could play in Fukushima’s recovery, organized by Ryo Suzuki of Japan Civil Network.

“People mistakenly think that everything from Fukushima is dangerous,” Norio Honda of Genki ni Narou Fukushima — an NPO promoting local revival — said at the event.

Setsuko Maeda, of agricultural collective Tanemaki Project Network agrees.

“Fukushima isn’t only about radiation,” she says. “Our farming and fisheries are full of vitality, and it’s important not to forget that.”

The event gathered representatives from organizations such as Oxfam Japan, A Seed Japan and travel agency JTB, to speak about the challenges facing organic producers in the prefecture, along with some of the major success stories. The atmosphere was convivial, and the presentations were interspersed with opportunities to sample Fukushima produce, including octopus, meat, potatoes, peaches and apple juice, and high-grade junmai sake made from local organic rice, fittingly named Kiseki or “miracle.”

Another major theme was bioremediation, the use of crops to cleanse contaminated soil of radioactive isotopes. One plant that has previously been used to reduce levels of cesium and strontium isotopes in soils around Chernobyl is rapeseed. The Green Oil Project aims to re-create these results in the Futaba district around the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant. Water-soluble cesium isotopes are sequestered in the plant’s tissues, which are fermented to produce biogas methane. The canola oil extracted from the seeds has a cesium content below the detectable limit of 0.03 becquerels/kg. To promote the initiative, local high school students created Yuna-chan, a cute mascot whose name combines the kanji for oil and rapeseed to market the organic oil. U.K. cosmetics company Lush, a keen supporter of organic produce, has also agreed to take a portion of the oil for use in its beauty products.

Ultimately, though, human connections were seen as most crucial to giving Fukushima produce the audience it deserves, and to generating an interest in farming among young people.

“It’s about exchange,” says Akihiro Asami, secretary general of the Fukushima Organic Agriculture Network. “Producers can come to Tokyo, but I want consumers to visit Fukushima, and not just meet selected farmers but ordinary residents, too. If they sample rural life there, they’ll want to get more involved to support those communities.”

Event-organizer Suzuki is positive about what the future holds: “By 2020, I really think the knowledge accumulated through the activities of farmers and NPOs in Fukushima will be ready to benefit sustainability and rural development not just in Japan, but around the world.”

For more information on Orgando, visit on.fb.me/1WsqNAz. For details about future seminars, visit ameblo.jp/suzumenomiraichi (Japanese).

  • GBR48

    The government’s determination to ‘decontaminate’ by scraping the top layer off as much of the area as possible and then declare it ‘safe enough’ to return to has damaged the reputation of all goods from the prefecture. It would have been better (and more honest) to have measured levels, drawn a line on the map, and declared an extensive Chernobyl-style ‘exclusion zone’ unavailable for human habitation or any form of farming for the foreseeable future. That’s the price of taking the risk of relying on nuclear power in a quake zone.

    Promising people they could return to their homes in a shrinking exclusion zone after superficial decontamination, has harmed those who have lived with false hope, split families, and tarnished the image of goods from the whole prefecture.

    The level counts do not help. A solution more acceptable to consumers would have been to establish a control ‘background level’ from other parts of Japan, declaring any food at or below this to equate to being ‘uncontaminated’. Anything above this level should be disposed of as contaminated waste, never enter the food chain (human or animal) and never be used for composting. This would have been fair and honest.

    The government have behaved as if people trust them to be competent at handling the aftermath of the crisis, and as if decontamination requires little more than giving the environment a good hoovering. They are wrong on both counts and those operating from the effectively uncontaminated bits of the prefecture will continue to pay the price.

    • Ahmed Shaker

      Now that’s a load of radiophobia, now isn’t it?

      You propose that scraping off the topsoil is “…superficial decontamination…”, when the radionuclides in that soil are immobile.

      You also say that level counts do not help and propose a “…background level from other parts of Japan…” and propose that anything even remotely above this level is waste, even when the article clearly states that natural radiation exposure is much greater than the allowed labelling levels.

      You call for “…an extensive Chernobyl-style ‘exclusion zone’ unavailable for human habitation or any form of farming for the foreseeable future.” even when the zone surrounding Fukushima is not heavily irradiated and poses no risk to human habitation.

      Fear seems to overcome science with you, I presume?

      • GBR48

        Not at all. The problem here is not one of science but of consumerism. If you stick a becquerel count on any food product, most people won’t buy it, even if it comes from somewhere that has never had a radiation problem.

        For these farmers to stand a chance of selling their products, the government needed to accept that they and their decontamination actions would not be trusted, and that a purely scientific response would be of no use.

        Science is largely irrelevant when it comes to people buying stuff. The duty of the government was to ensure that if food was to be grown and offered for sale, it was safe (which requires solid science) and that it would be accepted as such, which would always require going further than scientists may think necessary, and take into account the natural distrust people have of politicians and government.

        And no, just scraping the top layer of soil off an area does not fully decontaminate it. Hotspots are likely to remain – contamination is rather more mobile than you are suggesting.

      • Ahmed Shaker

        Then the solution is to simply stick becquerel counts on everything, which I would not recommend, or to not stick them at all and just not allow products on to market shelves which exceed a certain threshold for contamination, which would result in a better solution for both farmers and consumers.

        If you make a large exclusion zone those products will now have no chance at all to be sold and these farmers will have to leave.

        And not only did you propose not to market products grown in the zone, but to make it off-limits to families who want to return, which does not make much sense, considering that many parts are thoroughly decontaminated.

        You speak of “hotspots”, which are not much of a big deal to manage, make only them off limits and we have a better solution than an exclusion zone.

        If I misinterpreted you, please tell me.

      • Bernadette Soubirous

        Rat Meat Sold as Lamb Highlights Fear in China and the Muslim world. Why not complain about the food coming out of China?

        A man may imagine things that are false, but he can only understand things that are true, for if the things be false, the apprehension of them is not understanding.

  • Bernadette Soubirous

    Why all the Japan bashing. The food shipped from China is far worse. Why don’t you Japan bashers complain about the tainted food from China.

    • neech7

      Weeaboo much?

    • neech7

      Weeaboo much?

    • neech7

      Weeaboo much?