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An unforgiving look at ‘Unbroken’ in Japan

by

Special To The Japan Times

Flashback to 1983: Director Nagisa Oshima’s “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence,” set during World War II in a Japanese-run POW camp in Java, is opening in theaters across Japan. It starred David Bowie with two huge local stars: comedian Beat Takeshi and musician Ryuichi Sakamoto. The film confronted the reality of fascist wartime brutality, while also sending a message of reconciliation. It was a huge hit.

Flash forward to 2016: Angelina Jolie’s movie “Unbroken,” also set in a POW camp and starring another rock star, Miyavi, is lucky to even be opening. This big-budget Hollywood production, scripted by the Coen Bros. and shot by cinematographer Roger Deakins, was dropped by the usual distributor of Universal movies, Toho-Towa, who seemingly caved in to pressures from netto uyoku (outspoken ultra-rightist Internet users). Now, at last, it is opening at a few art houses, thanks to a different distributor. But beyond the controversy, is the movie any good?

“Unbroken” is based on the life of Louis Zamperini (played by Jack O’Connell), a tough Italian-American kid who was well down the path to juvenile delinquency when he discovered a passion for running and competed in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. When war broke out, Zamperini enlisted, serving as a bombardier over the Pacific until he was shot down. He survived 47 days at sea and then a grueling two years in Japanese POW camps.

“Unbroken,” like Mel Gibson’s “The Passion of the Christ,” is a movie about forgiveness and enduring the unendurable, with a lot more of the latter than the former. Zamperini’s ordeals include Japanese “Zero” Fighers strafing his plane, sharks assaulting his life raft, and a particularly sadistic prison guard, Mutsuhiro Watanabe (Miyavi), beating him savagely. (And Jolie even evokes the crucifixion with one shot.)

It’s gut-wrenching stuff, but Jolie’s problem vis-a-vis the Japanese market is that every Japanese soldier shown is essentially a Nazi thug. That’s certainly true to the experience of many Allied POWs — one in three would not survive capture — but by not including any humane Japanese, as Oshima did in “Mr. Lawrence,” Jolie makes her film a tough sell.

While Japanese right-wingers see this as “Japan-bashing” and point out that America also committed crimes, they seem to ignore the scene Jolie has included of the firebombing of Tokyo and its aftermath — mass destruction caused by American bombers like Zamperini. War is hell, and Jolie instead emphasizes Zamperini’s transformation, from wanting to kill Watanabe to passive resistance and eventually compassion.

Yet “Unbroken” is unwelcome in Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s patriotic Japan for a number of reasons. First, it is based on eyewitness testimonies of Imperial Japanese Army brutality, something which the LDP neo-cons deny ever happened. Second, it reminds people that some Japanese officers beheaded prisoners, an uncomfortable fact — especially considering the Abe regime has used ISIS beheadings of Japanese captives to make its case for remilitarizing Japan.

Finally, as Japan looks toward the 2020 Olympics, it shows how Zamperini was targeted by his captors for being an Olympian. Not only that, but when he returned to Japan in 1988 to carry the torch of the Nagano Olympics’ in the spirit of reconciliation, his former tormentor refused to even meet with him.

That may be the most depressing thing about “Unbroken”: Jolie sees triumph in Zamperini’s perseverance and willpower, but Watanabe’s craven perseverance also paid off. He escaped being charged as a war criminal, was granted amnesty and went on to live a long and prosperous life, denying any wrongdoing to the end. It’s people like him — and their offspring — who rule Japan today.

  • DR Jensen

    Good review. It’s not surprising that “Unbroken” doesn’t find much of an audience in Japan.

  • Magus

    Pretty sad, isn’t it?
    1983: “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence” opens in theaters nationwide.
    2015: “Unbroken” *barely* finds a distributor for a few cinemas.

    Goes to show progress and reconciliation aren’t automatic, you have to work for it. Things can go backwards.

  • notironic

    “Merry Christmas Mr. Lawrence” was made by a Japanese director, which makes a difference. No matter where, few people pay money to see a depressing foreign movie about the most shameful episode in their country’s history. As for the end of this review, it lies somewhere between slander and sloppy op-ed. And yes, denialism is a bad thing.

    • thedudeabidez

      “Slander”? Google Kodama Yoshio and Kishi Nobusuke to start with, then get back to me.

      I do agree that most countries do not see large audiences flocking to movies that are critical of their troops; “Redacted” was not seen by many in the USA, to cite one example. But “Unbroken” has to be viewed in light of a larger camaign to silence ALL dissenting voices re. the war, whether it’s the Asahi Shinbun, high school textbooks, TV news broadcasts, foreign reporting, etc.

      • notironic

        I didn’t say “Unbroken” shouldn’t be viewed. I said Japanese people are excused for not wanting to see it. As for the people I should Google, I don’t doubt they are hideous individuals. My point is that to say in a film review that Japan’s current leadership is entirely made up of war-criminal psychopaths and their children – without any specification or proof – is not okay.

      • Steve Jackman

        Many of the top brass of the LDP, which has ruled Japan almost uninterrupted since the end of WWII, are direct descendants of those who led Japan into the war and many of them were either accused or convicted of war crimes.

      • notironic

        I am not sure if you understood my comment.

      • Isabel Schwende

        I don’t agree that Japanese are excused for not wanting to see it. I’m German and I can tell you that there are many more movies that featuring evil Nazis. All of these movies are displayed in Germany in cinemas. For example “Inglourious Basterds” – although it’s not a true story, let’s agree that the Nazis were displayed as truly evil. Yet this movie was very successful in German cinemas. In contradicition – only movies glorifying the Nazis are forbidden in Germany. We should always face history truthfully even if it hurts. Only when we know history, we can make a better future – this also applies to Japan.

      • notironic

        So are you saying that “to face history truthfully” we all must watch Hollywood war movies?

    • Steve Jackman

      Actually, I think this is quite a good review. Facts is facts, and the movie is factually correct. Jolie was lucky to have worked closely with Zamperini before he passed away shortly after she completed the movie.

  • Les Grossman

    “Unbroken” is an excellent movie and I highly recommend it for anyone to see. The authorities of the Japanese government really should make Japanese high school kids watch it, study it, memorize it in English, reenact it IN ENGLISH in local, regional and finally with a nationally televised “Unbroken” high school championship team featured at the beginning of the Kōhaku Uta Gassen end of year TV special. This should be done every single year starting this year and continuing forevermore. God bless America!

    • Secret Guest

      naah, better off imitating the Karadashian! We could all be chaotic but happy!

      • Les Grossman

        HAHA! Yeah, you’re right. Better to be stupid and more fun anyway. :)

    • J.P. Bunny

      High school kids won’t watch it unless it contains a superhero, short-skirted high school girls with amazing abilities, or, overacting fem-boy idols.

      • Les Grossman

        So true. OK, then a whole new version needs to rewritten and remade by Towa with all the above plus silly colorful mascots running around like idiots with flying UFOs and pro-wrestling aliens and, of course, the femme fatale “crying girl” who, of course, has HUGE eyes and long hair and HUGE boobs. She’s always wearing a short high school skirt, tight top, one missing shoe or a bikini etc. etc. Looks kind of American, looks kind of Japanese – she is the victim, the prisoner, the “spy” and she gets saved at the end, by the Japanese of course, who profusely apologize when they discover that she actually has some Japanese in her blood, and LO AND BEHOLD SHE SPEAKS FLUENT JAPANESE! Perfect, so now the only thing left to do is to change the title from “Unbroken” to “Fixed” and Voila! Problem solved. :)

      • J.P. Bunny

        Sounds like a surefire hit.

      • J.P. Bunny

        Sounds like a surefire hit.

      • J.P. Bunny

        Sounds like a surefire hit.

      • J.P. Bunny

        Sounds like a surefire hit.

    • disqus_fnwCMQDX7u

      I say skip it and watch Merry Christmas. The plot is almost exactly the same, but the execution (er, no pun intended) is better on every level.

      • Les Grossman

        Yeah, I agree Merry Christmas is a better movie. I was being a bit sarcastic. :)

  • disqus_fnwCMQDX7u

    Uh, were the Japanese characters in Merry Christmas more *humane*? They were certainly portrayed with more *humanity,* but their actions were basically the same…

  • ProjektKobra

    If you want an uncomfortable experience, try stopping to watch a clip from “Windtalkers” in Yodobashi Camera on a huge home theatre TV screen, getting to the part where Nick Cage slaughters dozens of Japanese soldiers, then glancing around and realizing youre the only western guy in the crowd that had formed.