Tsushima to seek return of Buddhist statue in South Korea

Kyodo

The mayor of Tsushima in Nagasaki Prefecture has vowed to directly ask South Korea to return a Buddhist statue that he claims is the property of a temple on the island.

In an interview Wednesday, Yasunari Takarabe said he will submit a petition seeking the return of the statue of the Kanzeon Bodhisattva to Kannon Temple, and that it will bear the signatures of around 17,000 residents of the Sea of Japan island. It might be submitted to the Cultural Heritage Administration of Korea as soon as July.

“The island’s residents protected the statue for centuries,” Takarabe said. “My mission is to meet with senior officials of the cultural heritage entity and convey their feelings.”

The Tsushima board of education said Takarabe in late April launched a campaign to collect residents’ signatures and that as of Tuesday, more than 16,800, or half the island’s population, had signed the petition.

The seated statue, designated an important cultural property by Nagasaki Prefecture, has remained in South Korea following a provisional ruling by a district court in the city of Daejeon.

An inscription indicates the statue was made in Korea in 1330 at Buseoksa Temple in what is now Yeongju, North Gyeongsang province. The board of education said it may have been sold to Kannon Temple when anti-Buddhism movements began spreading on the Korean Peninsula in the 14th century.

A South Korean temple, however, claims the statue was plundered from the peninsula by Japanese pirates between the 13th and 16th centuries.

Last February, the Daejeon District Court said that the statue should not be returned to Japan until it is confirmed that the temple on Tsushima acquired it lawfully.

  • Kyle

    “The board of education (in Japan) said it may have been sold to Kannon Temple when anti-Buddhism movements began spreading on the Korean Peninsula in the 14th century.” – quote
    This is possible, but highly unlikely. It is probable the statue was carted away as loot and spoils of war during “pirate raids” along much of the Korean coast. There is a high possibility that the statue was pilfered during the ill-fated Japanese Invasion of 1592. The result of this Samurai swarm resulted in the looting and sacking of numerous Korean cities, temples, and villages. During Japan’s eventual retreat, everything was pillaged, burned, and looted as the Samurai returned to their ships in Busan, with ship overflowing with “spoils of war”.
    Now the question that might prove most difficult is, can Korea legitimately claim ownership of a artifact (looted or not) when the event occurred at a minimum over THREE centuries ago?

  • Ryun Baik

    Tell them to take it from South Korea by force. Let’s see them try it again. Gives more excuse to make North and South to work together, why not?