The year 2020 was the 50th anniversary of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty entering into force and therefore a critical moment in time for the review conference, conducted every five years, to have been held. The last successful review conference was way back in 2010.

The world order has changed fundamentally since then, mostly for the worse. However, not all developments were negative. In 2017 the international community adopted the The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) to give the five NPT nuclear weapon states (NWS) an incentive to hurry on their obligation to negotiate nuclear disarmament.

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