Myanmar's de factor leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, is seeking to carefully balance relations with major powers as part of her commitment to revive the country's tradition of employing a neutral foreign policy. Suu Kyi's India visit this week follows trips to Beijing and Washington.
Myanmar's geographic, cultural and geostrategic positioning between India and China makes it critical to the long-term interests of both these powers.
Crippling U.S.-led sanctions since the late 1980s pushed resource-rich Myanmar into China's strategic lap. Sanctions without engagement have never worked. During his 2010 Indian tour, U.S. President Barack Obama criticized India's policy of constructive engagement with Myanmar, only to return home and pursue, within months, a virtually similar policy. The shift in U.S. policy helped to spur Myanmar's reform process, thereby ending half a century of military-dominated rule.