• Kyodo

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Japan on Sunday commemorated the 76th anniversary of its surrender in World War II, scaling back a memorial service to mourn the war dead for the second year in a row due to the coronavirus pandemic.

In his first address at the ceremony since taking office last year, Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga vowed to help solve the world’s problems “under the flag of proactive contributions to peace.”

But Suga’s speech, which largely followed that of his predecessor Shinzo Abe, did not refer to Japan’s wartime aggression in Asia.

Abe caused a backlash when he modified his speech to remove any mention of aggression and remorse after he took office in December 2012.

Meanwhile, Emperor Naruhito, attending the ceremony for the third time as emperor, expressed “deep remorse” during the annual memorial service, as he did in previous years.

“Looking back on the long period of postwar peace, reflecting on our past and bearing in mind the feelings of deep remorse, I earnestly hope that the ravages of war will never again be repeated,” he said, while also touching on the “unprecedented ordeal” inflicted by the pandemic.

With over 80% of the country’s population born after the war, including the 61-year-old emperor, relatives of the dead as well as the other attendees mourned the loss of life as they vowed to keep alive the memory of past horrors.

A moment of silence was observed at noon for the approximately 2.3 million military personnel and 800,000 civilians who perished in the war, including those killed in the U.S. atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

The ceremony was held in Nippon Budokan, with around 185 people attending, the lowest on record since the government started holding the event in 1963, according to the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry.

With Tokyo and several other areas under a state of emergency, relatives of the war dead in 22 of the 47 prefectures did not attend the memorial service due to a resurgence of COVID-19 cases.

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