Beirut – President Bashar Assad, whose family has ruled Syria for over half a century, faces an election Wednesday meant to cement his image as the only hope for recovery in the war-battered country, analysts say.
His campaign slogan, “Hope through Work,” evokes the reconstruction of a country ravaged by a decadelong conflict that has claimed more than 388,000 lives and displaced half of Syria’s pre-war population.
In the capital, Damascus, Assad’s portraits line roads and inundate main squares, outnumbering those of his two little-known challengers.
“Syrians will vote to pledge allegiance to Assad and to the system,” said analyst Fabrice Balanche.
By holding elections on a regular basis, Assad is attempting to prove “that Syrian institutions are functioning,” he said.
The poll, the second since the war started in 2011, is all but certain to deliver a fourth term for a president already in power for 21 years.
Western countries opposed to Assad say the vote is a sham and neither free nor fair — in part because it will be held exclusively in the two thirds of the country under regime control.
Assad, a 55-year-old ophthalmologist by training, was first elected by referendum in 2000 after the death of his father, Hafez, who had ruled Syria for 30 years.
In the ballot, he will run against two other challengers approved by an Assad-appointed constitutional court, out of a total of 51 applicants.
Electoral law stipulates that candidates need to have lived in Syria continuously for at least the past decade, ruling out all exiled opposition figures.
The two other contenders are former state minister Abdallah Salloum Abdallah and Mahmoud Merhi — a member of the so-called tolerated opposition long described by exiled opposition leaders as an extension of the regime.
Assad issued a general amnesty for thousands of prisoners earlier this month, on top of a series of decrees that aim to improve economic conditions.
He has refrained from holding campaign media events and interviews, but his team has released a widely shared promotional video ahead of the polls.
It opens with footage of explosions and people fleeing devastated neighborhoods, but then shifts to portray scenes of hope: Inside a classroom, a schoolteacher repairs a hole blown into the wall by artillery fire. A farmer tends to his land. A timber mill is back in service.
“Bashar’s election campaign emphasizes his role as the man who won a war (and) has big ideas for Syria’s reconstruction,” said Nicholas Heras of the Newlines Institute in Washington.
It presents him as “the only person who can manage the resumption of order and reconstruction from the chaos of the Syrian conflict.”
With more than 80% of Syria’s population living in poverty, according to the U.N., the country today is a far cry from the vision Assad projected when he was first propelled to the presidency.
According to Heras, Assad’s campaign targets international donors more than Syrian voters.
He is “running a long infomercial for potential foreign backers that he is their only choice for stability after Syria’s war,” Heras said.
Syria has lost its status as a regional heavyweight under Assad’s watch and is now widely seen as heavily dependent on Russia, Iran and an assortment of Tehran-backed militias, including the Lebanese Hezbollah movement.
It remains to be seen whether Western countries led by Washington will shift course on Damascus by lifting sanctions that have crippled Syria’s economy.
But they are unlikely to make concessions without an internationally brokered peace settlement, which they accuse Assad of sabotaging.
According to experts, Wednesday’s vote undermines a U.N.-sponsored committee set up in late 2019 to draft a new constitution for Syria ahead of elections.
Representatives from the regime, the opposition and civil society groups failed to clinch an agreement before the vote, derailing any progress.
According to Syria expert Samuel Ramani, the election “will be a major setback for the constitutional process.”
It “will reaffirm to the international community, Russia and Iran included, just how difficult a settlement will be.”
In a country fragmented by war, Syria’s Kurds have carved out a de facto autonomous zone in the northeast, where voting will be extremely limited.
More than 3 million people live in Syria’s rebel-held northwest, where the fighters say the election is illegitimate.
In the last multicandidate poll in 2014, Assad won with 88% of the vote.
This time around, “Assad is running the risk of being the only certainty in a country in ruins,” said a European diplomat following Syrian affairs.
But Assad will have a lot to prove, more so to his closest allies than his foes, according to the diplomat.
“Without reform and without opening up the regime,” he has few chances of success, the diplomat said.
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