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India’s brutal new COVID-19 outbreak set records on Wednesday with more than 2,000 deaths in 24 hours as hospitals in New Delhi ran perilously low on oxygen.

India has been in the grips of a second wave of infections blamed on lax government rules and a new “double mutant” virus variant, adding almost 3.5 million new cases this month alone.

Health ministry data on Wednesday showed a record 2,023 fatalities and 295,000 new cases in 24 hours, among the world’s biggest daily case totals and on a par with numbers seen in the United States during a deadly surge in January.

In an address to the nation on Tuesday night, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the country of 1.3 billion people was “once again fighting a big fight.”

“The situation was under control till a few weeks back, and then this second corona wave came like a storm,” he said.

There had been hopes that despite its packed cities and poor health care, India had managed to dodge largely unscathed a pandemic that has killed more than 3 million people around the world.

Recent weeks have seen mass gatherings including millions attending the Kumbh Mela religious festival, political rallies as well as lavish weddings and cricket matches against England.

Production of key coronavirus drugs slowed or even halted at some factories and there were delays inviting bids for oxygen generation plants, according to press reports.

Distraught relatives are now being forced to pay exorbitant rates on the black market for medicine and oxygen and WhatsApp groups are awash with desperate pleas for help.

“I am scared for my parents and relatives more than I am scared for myself because they are not young anymore and getting admitted into a hospital right now is next to impossible,” one Delhi resident told AFP.

‘Major crisis’

Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, who on Tuesday went into self-isolation after his wife tested positive, tweeted late Tuesday that some hospitals in the capital “are left with just a few hours of oxygen.”

The health minister of the megacity of around 25 million inhabitants, Satyendar Jain, urged the federal government to “restore oxygen supply chain to avert a major crisis.”

Hospitals in the western state of Maharashtra and its teeming capital Mumbai, the epicenter of the surge, were also experiencing dire shortages, press reports said.

“Normally we would shift some patients to other hospitals … none in the city have spare oxygen,” NDTV quoted one doctor in the state as saying.

“The (central government), states and private sectors are trying to ensure every needy patient gets oxygen,” Modi said in his address.

States across India have imposed restrictions, with Delhi in a weeklong lockdown, all nonessential shops shut in Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh set for a weekend shutdown.

Delhi’s lockdown prompted tens of thousands of migrant workers to flee the megacity, in scenes reminiscent of the national shutdown a year ago that inflicted economic and human misery.

The United States now advises against traveling to India, even for those fully vaccinated, while Britain has added India to its “red list.” Hong Kong and New Zealand have banned flights.

India has administered more than 130 million shots so far and from May 1 all adults will be eligible for a shot.

Some local authorities have been running short of supplies, and India has put the brakes on exports of the AstraZeneca shot.

“I think in the coming week or two we will have a more quantitative estimate of and if any effect of this variant on the vaccine,” said Rakesh Mishra from the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology.

In total India has recorded 15.6 million cases, second only to the U.S., and more than 180,000 deaths, though it is behind many countries on a per capita basis.

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