Disaster drills were held in parts of the nation on Monday to prepare for the rainy and typhoon seasons, with new measures tested to limit the spread of the novel coronavirus in the event of evacuations.
The move comes after the central government called for measures to be taken to prevent infections at shelters. Downpours during the rainy season in June and July can lead to flooding, while dozens of typhoons approach every year, particularly in autumn, with about a handful making landfall and dumping heavy rain that can also lead to inundations.
While the virus pandemic continues, many people are expected to take shelter in their vehicles rather than risk infection in crowded evacuation centers.
A civic group reviewed how to respond to such evacuees, and shared the benefits and hazards of such behavior with local government officials during an evacuation drill in the village of Hidaka in Kochi Prefecture.
When many people spent nights in their vehicles during past disasters, aid supplies and other help often failed to reach them. They also faced the risk of developing economy class syndrome, in which blood clots form due to staying in one position for a long period.
“By gathering those who wish to spend nights inside vehicles around evacuation centers and providing support, we can reduce the risk of economy class syndrome,” said Mikio Yamasaki, 56, who heads Kochi Bosai Project, a civic group of about 20 volunteer workers and construction company workers.
Some 30 disaster management officials from local governments came to watch the drill.
Also on Monday, the city of Joso, Ibaraki Prefecture, went over the procedure for setting up an evacuation center at a designated gymnasium while trying to avoid close contact between people.
Disaster management officials and health workers took part, checking how to set up panels to prevent infections, how to guide evacuees so they do not form a crowd and amount of people and time needed to do so.
In April, the Cabinet Office asked prefectural governments to implement measures against virus infections, including urging them to open as many evacuation centers as possible and use hotels to prevent crowding during emergencies.