Houston – Exxon Mobil Corp on Tuesday throttled back a multi-year investment in shale, LNG and deep water oil production and will cut planned capital spending by 30 percent this year as the COVID-19 pandemic saps energy demand and oil prices.
Oil companies are reversing 2020 spending and production increases by an average of 20 percent as countries limit air travel, order businesses to close and tell residents to stay home to curb the spread of the virus. In a one-two punch to suppliers, crude prices have sunk nearly 60 percent this year and demand for fuels is falling sharply.
“We haven’t seen anything like what we’re experiencing today,” Chief Executive Darren Woods said on Tuesday as Exxon detailed spending cuts, the last of the oil majors to do so.
The largest U.S. oil producer, which last month pledged “significant” cuts to spending, set 2020 capital expenditure at $23 billion and could go lower if required, it said.
Exxon previously expected to spend up to $33 billion and had spent $26 billion last year.
The company took no action on its shareholder dividend, which analysts had been closely watching. It spent $14.8 billion last year on shareholder payouts.
The company had planned spending of $30 billion to $35 billion for the next several years, but 2021 spending could come down as well, Woods said.
Exxon will quickly lower spending in U.S. shale, where it put down $6 billion in 2017 for drilling leases and had expected to produce around 360,000 barrels per day (bpd) this year.
It now expects to reduce output by around 15,000 bpd this year, and 100,000 to 150,000 barrels per day in 2021, Woods said.
Exxon did not detail its Permian Basin spending cuts, but RBC Capital Markets analyst Biraj Borkhataria estimated it was spending $5 billion to $6 billion a year in the Permian, “and we see no reason why capex and the rig count cannot be reduced by 50 percent at a minimum in 2020.”
It recently had 58 drilling rigs at work in the Permian, but that will likely fall to 15, said analysts with Tudor, Pickering, Holt & Co.
Exxon expects world oil demand to tumble 25 percent to 30 percent in the short term, Woods said.
“Storage is becoming very tight. Logistics are becoming tight. I think we’ll see around the world as logistics get constrained, there will be shut-ins across the industry,” Woods said, adding that it was “very difficult to predict what those will look like.”
The firm delayed a final investment decision for a liquefied natural gas project in Mozambique and some spending in offshore Guyana, though its current operations there are not affected.
Exxon had set an ambitious growth plan two years ago to revive earnings and output, and Woods reiterated the company’s belief that global demand for oil would grow.
“Populations and energy demand will continue to grow,” Woods said. “The economy will rebound despite the shocks from the pandemic.”
Exxon’s 30 percent cut in spending exceeds those of oil majors’ BP PLC, Chevron Corp, Royal Dutch Shell PLC and Saudi Aramco, which have made 20 percent to 25 percent reductions. BP and Chevron also cut deeply into their shale oil businesses.
Cuts announced by nine major oil companies come to a combined $38 billion, or a drop of 22 percent from their initial spending plans of $175 billion. Overall, global oil companies have cut $54 billion in planned spending.
Exxon’s market value has slumped 42 percent this year as the oil-price war between Saudi Arabia and Russia has taken a toll on the energy sector. However, its stock has been a laggard for years, dropping 54 percent over the last five years compared with an 18 percent gain in the benchmark U.S. S&P 500 stock index.
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