Ghostly Nazi-era freeway resurfaces in German forest


In the middle of a dense Bavarian forest, amateur historian Dieter Stockmann points to the ghostly shapes of an abandoned freeway from the Nazi era.

The remains of Route 46 have always been known about but the area was once “taboo,” according to Stockmann, who has studied the project for 20 years.

But today the site is drawing visitors, and local authorities are clamoring to turn it into a full-blown tourist attraction as another means of countering Nazi propaganda.

Juergen Lippert, the mayor of Gemuenden am Main, where most of the road is, organizes around a dozen guided tours every year.

“During the tours, we dismantle the lies that are still now seen as true. For example, motorways were not invented by Hitler,” the 53-year-old said.

Stockmann, who also organizes free tours for hikers willing to brave thorny bushes and nettles to see what is left of what would have been Germany’s longest freeway, said he has not encountered Third Reich fans.

Visitors to car-obsessed Germany are more interested in what the technical challenges of the project were at the time rather than the Nazi links, he said.

Started in 1936, Route 46 was intended to show off Germany’s beauty — linking the ruins of a famous castle with the historic towns of Wurzburg and Fulda.

The 40-kilometer stretch was part of an immense project designed during the Weimar Republic to connect Hamburg in northern Germany with Lake Constance in the south.

Some 4,500 people worked on it, clearing a path through the trees and building bridges and drainage systems.

But before the first asphalt could be laid down, the project was dropped in 1939 because it was not considered of strategic importance by the German Army.

The workers left behind half-built structures that were gradually overtaken by vegetation.

“Sometimes you really have to use your imagination to see what was built at the time,” said Stockmann, 60.

In the middle of a meadow, he pointed out a large concrete column that was intended to support a bridge. It has since been turned into a climbing wall.

Since starting his research, Stockmann has rifled through regional and national archives, met some 50 eyewitnesses from the time and published a book.

Today, the area is far from any major roads and the silence is broken only by birdsong.

It is difficult to imagine it could have become a traffic-clogged thoroughfare.

“Over there is a spring that was intended to cool down engines,” said Stockmann, pointing to some water flowing into a ditch near a ruined bridge.

“Over here was a motorway stop,” he said, indicating an area with a no-access sign covered in weeds.

“The most important thing is that you don’t go too far. It’s easy to get lost here!” he said.

Municipalities are lining up to try and turn the site into a tourist attraction.

Large signs were placed in different parts of the site last year to tell some of the history with the help of archive images.

A marked route for hikers and cyclists is planned to be opened up next year.

Even a smartphone app for Route 46 is in the cards.

The area was given protected status in 2003 — a first for an abandoned freeway — which means there can be no more building or renovation work, and the moss and thorny bushes will continue to grow undisturbed.

“The aim of this protection is to show the ruins of Nazism, not to rebuild them,” Stockmann said.

Route 46 “is not a Nazi motorway but rather a motorway that was built during the Nazi era,” he added.

Lippert agreed, saying: “Like it or not, this is a piece of German history.”

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