World / Politics

Italian politicians weigh when to hold no-confidence vote pushed by Matteo Salvini


Leading politicians in Italy’s Senate are hastily returning from their summer vacations to determine when a crucial no-confidence vote will be held on Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte’s populist coalition.

Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, who declared last week that his right-wing League party no longer supports Conte, is pressing for a no-confidence vote in the next few days. He’s calculating that Conte will lose and resign, triggering what he hopes will be a new election as early as this fall.

Eager to become prime minister himself, Salvini wants to go to the polls as soon as possible to capitalize on the League’s rising popularity. He also wants the election to take place when his senior coalition partner, the populist 5-Star Movement, is tanking in popularity.

Senate party whips need to set the no-confidence vote date with a unanimous vote. If unity proves impossible, Senate Speaker Elisabetta Casellati clarified Monday that she can convene the Senate as soon as Tuesday to pick a date for the no-confidence vote, a decision that would accelerate actions on Italy’s government crisis.

That decision, however, is tricky, because lawmakers are now on summer vacation and may have to be called back for the vote.

The main opposition party, the center-left Democratic Party (PD), is already divided over its future strategy. Party secretary Nicola Zingaretti issued a call for unity Monday, reiterating that the key decision on whether and when to call an early election is in the hands of President Sergio Mattarella. He added that the Democrats are not afraid of facing an early ballot.

But former Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, who still has a strong influence among the Democrats, suggested Sunday the party should seek a possible alliance with the 5-Stars and other moderate forces to stop Salvini and derail his plan for a new election in October.

Italy has to draft a painful budget law by the end of October and have it approved by parliament by the end of the year. The government in place will have to find some financial resources to avert a planned €23 billion ($25.8 billion) sales tax hike, which would prove highly unpopular with voters and weigh on the electoral campaign.

Depending on the outcome of the no-confidence votes in the Senate and the House, the president could still try to guide the creation of a transition government, headed by Conte or someone else, to handle the budget law and lead Italy to a new election that could be as late as next year.

Still, it’s not clear that such a government would win the needed majority in parliament.

Salvini’s anti-migrant stance is credited with the League’s surge in popularity. After claiming just 17 percent of the vote in Italy’s 2018 national election, the League won 34 percent in European elections this spring.

The 5-Stars, meanwhile, have seen their support shrink from nearly 33 percent in the 2018 election to just 17 percent in the European elections in May.