CAIRO – Tens of thousands of Sudanese were making their way to the center of the country’s capital Thursday, cheering and clapping in celebration as two senior officials said the military had forced longtime autocrat President Omar al-Bashir to step down after 30 years in power.
The circumstances of al-Bashir’s apparent ouster and his current whereabouts remained unclear, however. The armed forces were to deliver an “important statement” and asked the nation to wait for it, state TV reported earlier.
The two officials, in high positions in the government and the military, said the army forced al-Bashir to step down and is now in talks about forming a transitional government. They spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to talk to the media.
The swirling reports of a coup following nearly four months of street protests against al-Bashir’s rule raised expectations it was a sign the autocrat was relinquishing power or was being removed by the military.
Pan-Arab TV networks said top ruling party officials were being arrested. They aired footage of masses they said were heading toward the presidential palace in Khartoum, waving the national flag, chanting and clapping.
Al-Bashir, who is a pariah in many countries, is also wanted by the international war crimes tribunal for atrocities in Darfur.
Eyewitnesses in Khartoum said the military had deployed at key sites in the city to secure several installations since the morning hours.
Armored vehicles and tanks are parked in the streets and near bridges over the River Nile, they said, as well as in the vicinity of the military headquarters, where thousands were anxiously awaiting the army statement. The witnesses spoke on condition of anonymity, fearing reprisals.
Organizers of the protests urged crowds to converge and join an ongoing sit-in under way in Khartoum since the weekend. They issued a statement vowing to remain in the streets until the “regime steps down completely and power is handed to a civilian transitional government.”
Thousands of protesters, including women carrying their children, were making their way toward the military headquarters, many ululating and flashing “V” for victory. There were also unconfirmed reports that the airport in the Sudanese capital had been closed.
Ahead of the expected army statement, Sudanese radio played military march and patriotic music. State TV ceased regular broadcasts, with only the brief announcement saying that there will be an “important statement from the armed forces after a while, wait for it.”
The development followed deadly clashes between Sudanese security forces and protesters holding a large anti-government sit-in outside the military’s headquarters in Khartoum, which also include a presidential residence. There were several attempts to break up the sit-in, and 22 people have been killed since Saturday.
On Tuesday, Sudanese security forces tried again to disperse the sit-in, which began over the weekend, killing at least 14 people, activists behind the demonstration said. The government said 11 died. The fatalities so far have included five soldiers who protest organizers said were defending the sit-in.
The months of protests have plunged Sudan into its worst crisis in years. The demonstrations initially erupted last December with rallies against a spiraling economy, but quickly escalated into calls for an end to embattled al-Bashir’s rule.
Security forces have responded to the protest movement with a fierce crackdown, killing dozens. Al-Bashir had banned unauthorized public gatherings and granted sweeping powers to the police since imposing a state of emergency last month. Security forces have used tear gas, rubber bullets, live ammunition and batons against demonstrators.
The protests gained momentum last week after Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, in power for 20 years, resigned in response to weeks of similar protests.
On Saturday, marches in Khartoum marked the 34th anniversary of the overthrow of former President Gafaar al-Nimeiry in a bloodless coup. It was one of the largest turnouts in the current wave of unrest.
The military removed al-Nimeiry after a popular uprising in 1985.
It quickly handed over power to an elected government. The dysfunctional administration lasted only a few years until al-Bashir — a career army officer — allied with Islamist hard-liners and toppled it in a coup in 1989.
Since the current protests began Dec. 19, the military has stated its support for the country’s “leadership” and pledged to protect the people’s “achievements” — without mentioning al-Bashir by name.
Army troops have deployed to protect vital state installations but have not tried to stop protests and, in some cases, appeared to offer a measure of protection for the demonstrators.
All that raised the possibility that what was playing out in Khartoum on Thursday was a military takeover and removal of al-Bashir.
The protests erupted in December over a hike in bread prices and quickly escalated into nationwide demonstrations.
Food price hikes had already provoked sporadic demonstrations in January 2018 but were swiftly curbed.
The new protests erupted the same day as the main opposition leader — ex-Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi, who was driven out in al-Bashir’s 1989 coup — returned from exile.
In Atbara, protesters set fire to the headquarters of al-Bashir’s National Congress Party (NCP). The protests spread to Khartoum and other cities, with demonstrators calling for “the fall of the regime.”
Clashes broke out as police tried to disperse the crowds, and eight demonstrators were killed. Other NCP offices were torched.
On the sixth day of protests, al-Bashir broke his silence and vowed “real reforms.”
With no let-up in the near-daily demonstrations, 22 political groups issue da joint call on Jan. 1 for a “new regime.”
Al-Bashir declared a nationwide yearlong state of emergency on Feb. 22, also dissolving the federal and provincial governments and appointing army and intelligence officers as provincial governors.
Two days later, he swore in a new prime minister as riot police confronted hundreds calling for him to resign.
The protests became less regular after the state of emergency, and Bashir on April 4 acknowledged that demonstrators had “legitimate” economic concerns, calling for dialogue.
But thousands later marched again in Khartoum, gathering for the first time outside the military headquarters and chanting, “one army, one people.”
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