World

EU urges Trump to stay in INF as Putin threatens to develop nuclear missiles banned by U.S.-Russia treaty

AFP-JIJI

After Washington gave Moscow a deadline to comply with a key arms control agreement, a defiant Vladimir Putin on Wednesday threatened to develop nuclear missiles banned under the treaty.

The latest spike in tensions came a day after U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Washington would withdraw from a major Cold War treaty limiting midrange nuclear arms within 60 days if Russia does not dismantle missiles that the U.S. claims breach the deal.

Putin dismissed Pompeo’s statement as a smokescreen, saying Washington had already decided to ditch the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces treaty (INF).

“They thought we would not notice,” the Kremlin chief said, claiming the Pentagon has already earmarked an amount for the development of missiles banned by the treaty.

“We are against the destruction of this treaty. But if this happens, we will react accordingly.”

Putin said a dozen countries are now producing midrange missiles of the type banned by the INF treaty.

“Apparently now American partners believe the situation has changed so much that the United States should also have such weapons,” Putin said.

“What will be our answer? A simple one: We will also do this.”

In Brussels, EU diplomatic chief Federica Mogherini urged Russia and the U.S. to save the treaty, warning that Europe does not want to become a battlefield for global powers once again, as it had been during the Cold War.

“The INF has guaranteed peace and security in European territory for 30 years now,” Mogherini said as she arrived for talks with NATO foreign ministers.

In October, President Donald Trump sparked concern globally by declaring the United States would pull out of the deal and build up America’s nuclear stockpile “until people come to their senses.

Putin at the time warned that abandoning the treaty and failure to extend another key arms control agreement, known as the New START, would unleash a new arms race and put Europe in danger.

On Monday, the U.S. leader said he wants talks with Putin and his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, “to head off a major and uncontrollable arms race.

Valery Gerasimov, head of Russia’s General Staff, said that Moscow would increase the capabilities of its ground-based strategic nuclear arms.

“One of the main destructive factors complicating the international situation is how the U.S. is acting as it attempts to retain its dominant role in the world,” he said in comments released by the defense ministry.

“It is for these purposes that Washington and its allies are taking comprehensive, concerted measures to contain Russia and discredit its role in international affairs.”

Signed in 1987 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the last Soviet leader, the INF resolved a crisis over Soviet nuclear-tipped ballistic missiles targeting Western capitals.

But it was a bilateral treaty between the U.S. and the then Soviet Union, so it puts no restrictions on other major military actors like China.

Pompeo said at a meeting with fellow NATO foreign ministers on Tuesday that there was no reason why the U.S. “should continue to cede this crucial military advantage” to rival powers.

NATO said it was now “up to Russia” to save the treaty.

The Trump administration has complained of Moscow’s deployment of Novator 9M729 missiles, which Washington says fall under the treaty’s ban on missiles that can travel distances of up to 5,500 km (3,400 miles)

The nuclear-capable Russian cruise missiles are mobile and hard to detect and can hit cities in Europe with little or no warning, according to NATO, dramatically changing the security situation on the continent.

U.S.-Russia ties are under deep strain over a number of crises including accusations Moscow meddled in the 2016 US presidential election.

The two Cold War enemies are also at odds over Russian support for Bashar Assad’s regime in Syria’s civil war, and the conflict in Ukraine.

Washington on Tuesday promised Russia more “pain” if Moscow did not release three Ukrainian vessels and 24 sailors captured off Crimea last month.