The Japan Sports Agency has introduced a policy of granting at least two days of rest per week for sports teams at public and private junior high schools, in hopes of reducing the risk of injury for students by shortening their practice hours.
The policy, announced in March, also applies in principle to high school sports teams, but some coaches claim they already take students’ rest into consideration.
Students on school sports teams also have mixed feelings, with some saying that while they are happy to get more rest, they also want to improve their skills.
The spring national high school baseball tournament kicked off March 23 at Koshien Stadium in Hyogo Prefecture, with the participating teams engaging in fierce competition.
“I wonder if the government thinks we are still training the way we used to,” said Yasuhiro Morita, the 58-year-old coach at Toho High School in Nagoya, which has qualified for the tournament 29 times.
Morita said that during practices in the past, players “would train until they dropped dead every day.” Now, Mondays are designated as a light practice day so students can rest up.
The team’s pitchers go to a rehabilitation center at a medical university once a week to check their shoulders and elbows.
“Stronger teams tend to take a scientific approach,” Morita said.
The team from Hikone Higashi High School, a public school in Hikone, Shiga Prefecture, that has qualified for the summer Koshien tournament again this year, gets one day off per week.
“Our school excels in both academics and sports. The athletes have to study as well, so we make sure they are not too tired,” said coach Takayuki Muranaka, 49.
Traditionally, the baseball team does not hold morning practices and the players show up at school at 7:30 a.m. to study.
This year, Mie High School in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture, qualified for the tournament for the first time since it was a runner-up in the 2014 summer competition.
“When you think about the students’ bodies, I agree with the direction that this policy has taken,” said coach Shin Kojima, 28.
“However, students who want to play in Koshien check each school’s practice method before deciding where to go, so I don’t think it’s a good idea to enforce a two-day rest for every school,” he added.
For sports other than baseball, school coaches have had various reactions to the policy.
“Unlike soccer where students can join a club team, they have to join the school team to play basketball and baseball,” said Shinichi Inoue, 71, a coach at Ohka Gakuen, a school in Nagoya that often wins the national basketball tournament for high schools. “If we have two days of rest per week, we won’t have strong athletes.”
Meanwhile, Kimio Hata, the soccer coach at Akiminami High School in the city of Hiroshima, prioritizes the students’ autonomy.
Hata led the team at his previous school, Hiroshima Kannon High School, to a national championship despite giving the players two days of rest a week.
“Students can still improve by training proactively in a short period of time. I’m not afraid of (letting them) take a break,” he said.
He has since increased the number of rest days to three a week.
According to Hidenori Tomozoe, a professor at Waseda University who headed the Japan Sports Agency’s revision on training days, it has been scientifically confirmed that exercising more than 16 hours a week poses too much burden on students.
Many high school baseball players injure their elbows and shoulders as a result of too much training, which ends up cutting short their athletic careers.
Tomozoe believes that rest is a part of training and that people can create a healthy mind and body by resting.
He also said one can still train effectively in a short period of time.
How do junior high and high school student athletes feel about resting two days a week?
A 14-year-old junior high school student in Nagoya on her school’s volleyball team said she practices every day, including weekends.
“It will be hard on my body to continue doing this. I also don’t have time to pursue my hobby of drawing,” she said, welcoming the idea of getting more rest.
On the other hand, she also wants to “become stronger” and worries that her team will not be able to beat the top schools if it reduces the number of practice hours.
A 16-year-old boy on the baseball team at a school in the Seino region in Gifu Prefecture shares this sentiment.
“I want to go to (the) Koshien (tournament), so to be honest I don’t want to reduce the number of practice hours,” he said.
His team works out three hours a day on weekdays and up to seven hours a day on weekends and public holidays. They get about one day off per week.
A 13-year-old student who plays baseball for Ichishi Junior High School in the city of Tsu, Mie Prefecture, likewise does not want to reduce his practice hours.
His team practices around two hours a day on weekdays and half a day or a whole day on weekends. The team gets one day of rest per week in general.
Applying the new policy means they will lose another day of practice.
“I don’t want other schools to get a head start over us because they practice more,” he said.
Meanwhile, the table tennis team at Gifu Norin High School in Kitagata, Gifu Prefecture, already follows the policy.
“However, I do feel like practicing together with my friends makes us closer. Personally, I’d be happy if we can have more time to practice,” said a 17-year-old sophomore.
This section, appearing Tuesdays, features topics and issues from the Chubu region covered by the Chunichi Shimbun. The original article was published March 25.