SAN FRANCISCO – Toshiba Corp. and Western Digital Corp. are close to settling their legal dispute under an agreement that the U.S. company will drop efforts to block Toshiba’s $18 billion sale of its flash-memory business in exchange for the extension of their joint venture agreements, according to people familiar with the matter.
Western Digital plans to end arbitration claims in the U.S. to stop Toshiba from selling the chip business to a consortium led by Bain Capital as part of the settlement, said the people, asking not to be identified because the matter is private. The U.S. company would get a guaranteed supply of newer chips from a more advanced plant in Japan being built by Toshiba that it will invest in. The two sides still have to work out several key details and it’s possible a final deal will not be reached, the people said.
The partners have been locked in a fierce legal battle since early this year after Toshiba said it would sell the chip business to pay for enormous losses in its U.S. nuclear business. The U.S. company had argued Toshiba needed its consent to sell the business, an assertion the Japanese company disputed. Toshiba needs to raise capital to avoid seeing its shares delisted from the Tokyo Stock Exchange.
“It’s crucial for both Toshiba and Western Digital to work this out,” said Damian Thong, a Tokyo-based technology analyst at Macquarie Group Ltd.
Kaori Hiraki, a spokeswoman for Toshiba, said the company is open to a settlement but wouldn’t discuss specifics. Western Digital declined to comment.
Toshiba has stepped up pressure on Western Digital in recent weeks. This month, the Tokyo-based company said it will accelerate investments in its new Fab 6 chip facility in Yokkaichi, Mie Prefecture, blocking Western Digital from participating and raising the prospect the U.S. company wouldn’t get supplies of newer chips that it will need to remain competitive. Toshiba also unveiled plans to raise ¥600 billion in a stock sale, a deal that will help it avoid delisting even if the chip business sale isn’t completed on time.
Western Digital has suffered in the meantime. Its shares have dropped about 15 percent this week as research firms including Morgan Stanley have expressed concern about its outlook.
“Western Digital needs assurances that, whoever owns the joint ventures, their interests will be maintained,” said Thong.
Toshiba’s earnings results this month underscored the importance of the semiconductor unit. Profit in the memory business quadrupled to ¥205 billion in the first half of the fiscal year, helped by demand for data storage in smartphones and solid state disks. The division accounted for 88 percent of the company’s operating income.
Toshiba said this month that spending on the chip business will total ¥600 billion in the year ending in March 2018, 50 percent more than previously planned. Toshiba and SanDisk Corp., which was acquired by Western Digital last year, have until now split most of the spending. The Japanese company has asked SanDisk whether it intends to participate, according to a statement at the time.
“The relationship we have with Toshiba and TMC is critically important for both companies,” Western Digital Chief Executive Officer Steve Milligan said at the Nikkei Global Management Forum in Tokyo this month, referring to Toshiba’s memory unit by its initials. “I can assure all of you that we are fully committed that it carries fully into the future.”