SEOUL/BEIJING – South Korea and China have agreed to work swiftly to get their relations back on track following a yearlong standoff over the deployment of a controversial U.S. anti-missile system in South Korea.
The installation of the U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system had angered China and spilled over into trade, hurting South Korean business interests in the country.
China believed the system’s powerful radar could be used to look inside its territory. South Korea and the United States have repeatedly said THAAD only serves to defend against the growing missile threat from North Korea.
“Both sides shared the view that the strengthening of exchange and cooperation between Korea and China serves their common interests and agreed to expeditiously bring exchange and cooperation in all areas back on a normal development track,” South Korea’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement Tuesday.
South Korean President Moon Jae-in will meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of an upcoming summit of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) countries in Vietnam on Nov. 10-11, South Korea’s presidential office said.
The two heads of state are likely to discuss North Korea’s missile and nuclear program as well as ways to develop bilateral ties, a senior South Korean presidential Blue House official later told reporters, declining to be identified due to the sensitivity of the matter.
Pyongyang has undertaken an unprecedented missile-testing program in recent months, as well as its biggest nuclear test yet in early September, as it seeks to develop a powerful nuclear weapon capable of reaching the United States.
The moves have angered China, North Korea’s only major ally, and drawn further tough sanctions from the United Nations and the United States.
The recent deterioration in ties between China and North Korea may have contributed to Tuesday’s agreement, the Blue House official said.
The head of NATO on Tuesday urged all United Nation members to fully and transparently implement sanctions against North Korea, which he said has emerged as a global threat able to fire ballistic missiles as far as Europe and North America.
“North Korea’s ballistic and nuclear tests are an affront to the United Nations Security Council,” North Atlantic Treaty Organization Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said in Tokyo, where he met Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
Separately, a South Korean lawmaker said North Korea probably stole South Korean warship blueprints after hacking into a local shipbuilder’s database last April.
In a statement coordinated with South Korea’s announcement, China’s Foreign Ministry said the two countries would get relations back onto a normal track “at an early date.”
South Korea recognized China’s concerns on the THAAD issue and made it clear the deployment was not aimed at any third country and did not harm China’s strategic security interests, China’s Foreign Ministry said.
China reiterated its opposition to the deployment of THAAD, but noted South Korea’s position and hoped Seoul could appropriately handle the issue, it added.
South Korean companies operating in China have suffered since the spat erupted last year, although Beijing has never specifically linked its actions to the THAAD deployment.
“China repeated this stance during discussions, saying difficulties faced by South Korean companies were prompted by individual Chinese citizens angered by the THAAD deployment,” the Blue House official said, adding that improvements for South Korean companies would come slowly.
Lotte Group, which provided the land where THAAD was installed, has suffered most. It faces a costly overhaul and is expected to sell its Chinese “hypermarket” stores for a fraction of what it invested.
A spokesman for Lotte Corp. the holding company of Lotte Group, expressed hope South Korean firms’ activity in China would improve following the announcement.
South Korean tourism and retail shares rallied, with Lotte Tour surging more than 18 percent and Lotte Shopping up as much as 5.7 percent.
Shares of Asiana Airlines gained as much as 4.6 percent.
Hopes have been growing for a thaw in the frosty bilateral ties following China’s recently completed Communist Party conclave, during which President Xi Jinping cemented his status as China’s most powerful leader since Mao Zedong.
Earlier this month, South Korea and China agreed to renew a $56 billion currency swap agreement, while Chinese airlines are reportedly planning to restore flight routes to South Korea that had been cut during the spat.