UNITED NATIONS – A United Nations inquiry into a 1961 plane crash that killed then-U.N. Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold found that new information pointing to an aerial attack or threat bringing down the aircraft warrants further investigation.
Hammarskjold — a Swede elected as the world body’s second chief in 1953 — was killed along with 15 others while on his way to broker a truce in Katanga in what is now Democratic Republic of Congo. The plane crashed in Northern Rhodesia, now Zambia.
“The panel ultimately found significant new information that it assessed as having sufficient probative value to further pursue aerial attack or other interference as a hypothesis of the possible cause of the crash,” Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon wrote in a letter to the General Assembly released on Monday.
The three-member panel asked for specific information from Belgium, France, Germany, South Africa, the United States and Britain during its three-month inquiry into the September 1961 crash, but said not all requests were entirely satisfied.
The panel said its ultimate conclusion was that to establish the “whole truth” the United Nations needed access to “classified material and information held by Member States and their agencies that may shed further light on this fatal event and its probable cause or causes.”
Ban has asked his chief legal counsel to follow up with states “on the unfulfilled aspects of the panel’s requests.” Ban agreed that further investigation would be needed to establish the facts of the plane crash.
Several theories have surrounded the death of Hammarskjold, who was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1961.
The panel said new details related to claims by mercenaries and others that they shot down the plane lacked credibility, while a claim about possible sabotage using explosives was only “weakly supported.” A hijacking theory was not supported.
But new information about an aerial attack or threat could “provide an appreciable lead in pursuing the truth of the probable cause or causes of the air crash and tragic deaths.”
That new information included eyewitnesses saying they saw more than one aircraft in the sky or that Hammarskjold’s plane was on fire before it hit the ground or was fired upon by other aircraft and two men who listened to or read a transcript of an intercept of radio transmissions relating to what they believe was as attack on the plane that led to its crash.
There was also additional new information on the air capability of the provincial Government of Katanga in 1961 and its use of foreign military and paramilitary personnel.
The 193-member U.N. General Assembly asked Ban in December to appoint the independent panel of exerts to examine new information. The experts were from Tanzania, Australia and Denmark.