WASHINGTON – Widespread global opposition to U.S. electronic surveillance since the revelations of National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden has not badly harmed the overall image of the United States, and it remains far more popular around the world than rising power China, according to a poll released Monday.
A survey conducted by Pew Research Center among nearly 50,000 respondents in 44 countries also found that despite low ratings at home, President Barack Obama is still largely popular internationally. A median 56 percent across those nations said they have confidence for Obama to do the right thing in world affairs — little changed from last year.
The biggest declines in his ratings since last year were found in two nations where the U.S. was reported to have listened to the private phone conversations of national leaders: Germany and Brazil. Confidence in Obama dropped by 17 percentage points in both.
Overall, a median of 65 percent expressed a positive opinion of the U.S., although the rating was just 30 percent in the Middle East. Among 35 countries around the world that were surveyed both in 2014 and 2013, the U.S. rating was unchanged at 62 percent. There was no direct comparison available covering all the countries covered in the survey.
America’s reputation for protecting individual liberties has, however, been damaged in the year since Snowden began sharing documents on U.S. interception of communications. Yet the U.S. still ranks far higher on that count than China and Russia, and by a narrow margin, France.
In all, majorities in 30 nations expressed a favorable opinion of the U.S. Notwithstanding declines in American popularity gauged in Germany and Greece in recent years, there’s no evidence of a rise of anti-Americanism in most of Western Europe, as happened in the middle of last decade after the invasion of Iraq.
The biggest decline in U.S. popularity in the world in the past year is in Russia, amid growing Moscow-Washington tension over Ukraine. Those with a favorable opinion of the U.S. dropped in Russia by 28 points to 23 percent.
Meanwhile, estimations of China’s global clout are rising. The numbers of respondents believing China has or will eclipse the U.S. as the world’s superpower has risen markedly since the global economic slowdown struck in 2008.
China’s growing economy is generally seen as a good thing in most of the countries surveyed, but its overall image in the U.S. and Europe is mostly negative. Among all nations surveyed, a median of 49 percent expressed a favorable opinion of China, 16 percentage points lower than the U.S.
In Asia, China doesn’t lag far behind America in the popularity stakes, but there is growing anxiety over its rising power.
In all 11 Asian nations polled, roughly half or more say they are concerned China’s territorial disputes with its neighbors will lead to a military conflict. Those worries are most intense among three nations with conflicting territorial and maritime claims with China in the South and East China Seas, including 93 percent of Filipinos, and around 85 percent in both Japan and Vietnam.
The Pew Research Center interviewed 48,643 respondents in 44 countries from March 17 through June 5, 2014. Interviews were conducted face-to-face or by telephone, depending on the country, and are representative of at least 95 percent of the adult population of each nation except for Argentina, Greece, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria and Pakistan where some difficult to reach or rural populations were excluded, and Japan, where interviews were conducted by landline telephone only. Samples in China, India and Pakistan, were disproportionately urban, and were weighted to reflect each nation’s actual urbanity distribution.