Japan will propose that participants at a forthcoming international nuclear conference include a statement urging an early implementation of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in a final document to be adopted at the end of the meeting, according to government officials.
Outlining Japan’s negotiations strategy for the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty review conference that begins May 2 in New York, the officials said Japan, as the only nation to suffer an atomic attack, will urge the participating nations to reduce “nuclear armaments of all kinds.”
The strategy has also been set in light of the 60th anniversary this year of the atomic bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Tokyo intends to persuade the United States, which has voiced opposition to the inclusion of the statement, of an early implementation of the treaty, they said.
A senior Foreign Ministry official said: “There is no country other than the United States that is against CTBT ratification. There is a possibility for the United States to make a concession.”
As for the CTBT, the U.S. side will stress that its suspension of nuclear tests since 1992 on the basis of possible resumption in the future is not intended to pave the way for the 1996 treaty to come into effect.
The Japanese government intends to jointly propose the statement with Austria, as they did in the previous NTP review conference in 2000, and is currently adjusting the wording in the statement to be proposed in the coming NTP meeting, expected to last about one month.
The May meeting will be held to restudy the NPT adopted five years ago in which the signatory countries clearly pledged to abolish nuclear arms.
The meeting will focus on nuclear arms reduction by nations that possesses such arms and prevention of proliferation to countries without atomic weapons as well as peaceful use of atomic energy.
Japan will also urge a reduction in tactical nuclear weapons as well as a cutoff treaty for fissile materials at the May meeting.
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