Last year, when Californians had to choose between Hollywood star Arnold Schwarzenegger and incumbent Democrat Gray Davis to be their governor, they also had to vote on another divisive issue: Proposition 54. This law, the so-called Racial Privacy Initiative, sought to ban the state collection of information on race, ethnicity, color or national origin.

It was a law, said its supporters, that would make California colorblind. It was championed by businessman Ward Connerly, who was also the primary force behind Proposition 209, which banned affirmative-action programs in the state in 1996.

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