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Two Chinese scholars on Friday argued that the only way to resolve the crisis surrounding North Korea’s nuclear brinkmanship is through dialogue.

Speaking at a seminar in Tokyo, Piao Jianyi and Jin Xide, both senior researchers at the Center for Regional Security Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, also called for patience over North Korea.

Piao indicated that the U.S.’s posture is only making matters worse. U.S. President George W. Bush famously included North Korea in his “axis of evil” speech and has verbalized his hatred for the country’s leader, Kim Jong Il.

“Although North Korea is to blame for causing the nuclear problem, the United States’ hostile attitude is only escalating the tension,” Piao told the symposium, hosted by the Asia Pacific Association of Japan, a research institute on international affairs.

Jin said that other countries should give North Korea a chance to let the country achieve economic growth, which he believes is the key to solving the nuclear standoff.

“The biggest reason China was able to carry out reforms (while maintaining its political system) is that the West gave China an opportunity to do it in its own way without interference,” said Jin, who is currently a visiting professor at Tokyo University’s Department of Advanced Social and International Studies.

If the international community wants to see the transformation of North Korea into a democratic country, patience is needed, Jin said, adding that it took more than a decade for China to carry out reforms and put itself on the right course for economic growth.

“The only way to resolve the current standoff is to continue dialogue through the six-way talks,” involving Japan, the U.S., South Korea, China and Russia, he told the seminar, which was co-hosted by the Ogasawara Foundation for the Promotion of Science and Engineering with the backing of The Japan Times.

Meanwhile, Tanino, former ambassador to China, told the seminar that the U.S., indisputably the key player in the North Korean nuclear dispute, is currently too busy dealing with Iraq. In such circumstances, China’s role is becoming greater than ever in resolving the nuclear standoff with Pyongyang, he said.

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