• Kyodo

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The following is a list of grievances on a Japanese history textbook the Chinese Foreign Ministry presented to Japan on Wednesday, as released by the Japanese Embassy in Beijing.

The textbook, compiled by the Society for History Textbook Reform and published by Fuso Publishing Co., has been approved by the Japanese government for use by schools in the school year beginning in 2002.

* The textbook uses the term “anti-Japanese movement” to describe China’s popular resistance to Japanese militarism in the 1920s. The textbook contends that the resistance movement was “radicalized” under the influence of the violent Bolshevik Revolution in Russia in order to justify atrocities committed by the Japanese military.

* The textbook says Manchuria benefited economically from investment by Japanese heavy industries whereas in fact Japan plundered resources on a vast scale and forced the migration of people. The textbook also fails to mention the Unit 731 experiments on live prisoners of war in Manchuria.

* The textbook only contains a brief mention of the Nanjing Massacre and says the nature of the massacre is still subject to debate to this day, thus casting doubt on the historical facts in Nanjing and the conclusions of the Tokyo Trials on war crimes.

* The textbook insults the resistance launched by the Chinese Communist Party, calling it “a strategy designed to take over the government.” It covers up the true nature of the war of aggression launched by Japanese militarism, and blames the war on the Chinese Communist Party’s protracted fighting against Japan.

* The textbook asserts that the all-out war between Japan and China was the result of isolated events like the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, ignoring the fact that Japan had planned full-scale military aggression from the early 1930s.

* The textbook refers to the Great East Asia Conference (November 1943) to project a misleading image that the aggression Japan committed in Asia had the support of the people of various Asian countries, whereas in fact the people who attended the conference were leaders of puppet regimes.

* The textbook mentions the imposition of Japanese language education and forced worship at Shinto shrines in countries under the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, whereas far crueler atrocities were committed under Japanese colonial rule.

* In discussing the verdicts passed by the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, the textbook contains statements that cast doubt on the tribunal’s legality.

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