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KYODO

A total of 78 people from the Philippines and Indonesia have passed the caregiver certification exam for fiscal 2014, the welfare ministry said Thursday.

Japan is trying to get more foreign workers to work in the nursing-care industry to solve a labor shortage being caused largely by its declining birthrate and aging population.

The successful candidates — 47 Indonesians and 31 Filipinos — accounted for 44.8 percent of the 174 people who sat the exam.

Applicants are required to have at least three years of experience working at nursing facilities in Japan before taking the test, which is administered in Japanese, according to the economic partnership agreements Tokyo concluded with each country.

The pass rate is a record high and up considerably from the 36.3 percent pass rate in fiscal 2013, the Health, Labor and Welfare Ministry said. With Japanese applicants included, the pass rate was 61.0 percent.

The government has taken various steps to make the exam easier for foreign applicants to pass, including by allowing them to stay longer in Japan for study, offering Japanese lessons and even extending the testing time.

A total of around 1,500 people from the two countries and Vietnam have come to Japan to take the annual exam. The Vietnamese candidates began staying in Japan in fiscal 2014.

In a separate national qualification exam for nurses, the pass rate among the three Southeast Asian nations dropped to 7.3 percent in fiscal 2014 from 10.6 percent the previous year. The rate for all examinees stood at 90 percent.

A total of 357 people from the three countries took the test, but only 26 — 11 from Indonesia, 14 from the Philippines and one from Vietnam — got qualified.

“We will analyze (the drop in the pass rate for foreigners) and re-examine how to offer future training,” a health ministry official said Wednesday.

First published in The Japan Times on March 28.

Warm up

One-minute chat about sakura (cherry blossoms).

Game

Collect words related to spring; e.g., “warm,” “butterfly,” etc.

New words

1) certification: qualification, license; e.g., “She got the certification to be a yoga teacher.”

2) fiscal: financial; e.g., “We start a new fiscal year in April.”

3) candidate: person seeking or nominated to a position; e.g., “He is a candidate in the next election.”

4) annual: yearly, once a year; e.g., “Our annual party is in April.”

Guess the headline

78 Indonesians, Filipinos pass c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ ce_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ exam

Questions

1) Why is Japan getting caregivers from abroad?

2) What should applicants to do before taking the exam?

3) Do applicants from abroad need to take the exam under exactly the same conditions as Japanese?

Let’s discuss the article

1) What do you think of state of the nursing-care industry in Japan?

2) Do you think we should welcome more workers from other countries?

3) What do you think needs to be done to make the nursing-care industry stable?

Reference

少子高齢化や女性の社会進出など、社会の構造が大きく変わる中で、これまでは家庭の中で行われていた介護や福祉が一つの産業として確立し、そしてその規模は年々大きく拡大しています。しかし、その産業に携わる働き手の数よりも、そのサービスを必要とする人の数の方が圧倒的なスピードで伸びており、人手不足が深刻化しています。

人手不足になり一人一人の介護士の余裕がなくなれば、どんな素晴らしい介護士でも良い介護サービスを提供することは出来ないでしょう。

そのような状況の中でアジア各国からの介護士を採用する流れが生まれています。 言葉の壁や文化の違いなどもあるでしょうが、暖かな心を持って日本で働く彼らへのサポートをするとともに、慢性的な人手不足を解決する策を整える必要があります。

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