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Sample newspaper article

エコノミスト・インテリジェンス・ユニット(EIU)がまとめた「世界で最も住みやすい都市」のランキングで、オーストラリアのメルボルンが4年連続1位となった。EIUは世界の140都市を対象に、安定性、医療、文化・環境、教育、インフラなどの項目を基に「住みやすさ」を評価した。8月19日に発表された順位で、ウィーン、バンクーバー、そしてトロントが2位、3位、4位になった。ランキングで最下位となったのは、内戦で荒廃したシリアの首都ダマスカス。続いて順位の低い順にダッカ、ポートモレスビー、ラゴスとなった。エコノミストの調査はまた、過去5年でランキングの順位を最も落とした都市のリストも発表した。ダマスカスが最悪で28パーセントの下落。東部で親ロシア派武装組織が政府軍と戦っているウクライナの首都キエフも17.8パーセント下落した。 (Aug. 20)

Words and phrases

世界 (sekai) world; 住みやすい (sumiyasui) liveable; 都市 (toshi) city; ランキング (rankingu) ranking; 4年連続 (4-nen renzoku) fourth year running; 安定性 (anteisei) stability; 医療 (ir) healthcare; 文化 (bunka) culture; 環境 (kank) environment; 教育 (kyōiku) education; インフラ (infura) infrastructure; 項目 (kōmoku) factors; 評価した (hka-) accessed; 発表された (happyō-) announced; 順位 (jun’i ) ranking; 最下位 (saikai) bottom; 内戦で荒廃した (naisen-hai-) war-torn; 首都 (shuto) capital; 低い順に (hiku-jun-) in ascending order; 調査 (chōsa) survey; 過去 (kako) past; 落とした (o-) drop; 最悪 (saiaku) worst;下落 (geraku) decline; 東部 (tōbu) east; 親ロシア派 (shin-Roshiaha) pro-Russian; 武装組織 (busōsohiki) rebels; 政府軍 (seifugun) government forces; 戦っている (tatakat-) battling

Sample radio or television report

Ekonomisuto Interigensu Yunitto-ga matometa “sekai-de mottomo sumiyasui toshi”-no rankingu-de, Ōsutoraria-no Meruborun-ga 4-nen renzoku ichii-ni narimashita. EIU-wa sekai-no 140 toshi-wo taishō-ni, anteisei, iryō, bunka, kankyō, kyōiku, infura-nado-no kōmoku-wo moto-ni “sumiyasusa”-wo hyōka-shimashita. 8-gatsu 19-nichi -ni happyō-sareta jun’i-de, Wīn, Bankūbā, soshite Toronoto-ga nii, san’i, yon’i-to narimashita. Rankingu-de saikai-to natta-no-wa, naisen-de kōhai-shita Siria-no shuto Damasukasu-deshita. Tsuzuite jun’i-no hikui jun-ni Dakka, Potōmoresubī, Ragosu-to narimashita. Ekonomisusto-no chōsa-wa mata, kako 5-nen-de rankingu-no jun’i-wo mottomo otoshita toshi-no risuto-mo happyō-shimashita. Damasukasu-ga saiaku-de 28-pāsento-no geraku-deshita. Tōbu-de shin-Roshiaha busōsohiki-ga seifugun-to tatakatteiru Ukuraina-no shuto Kiefu-mo 17.8-pāsento gerakushita.

Translation

Melbourne tops the ranking as the world’s most pleasant city to live in for the fourth year running, according to an Economist Intelligence Unit poll. The EIU’s survey assesses the livability of cities based on a number of key factors, including stability and the quality of health care, culture, the environment, education and infrastructure. Vienna, Vancouver and Toronto took 2nd, 3rd and 4th places in the list of 140 cities released on Aug. 19. Lowest ranked was Damascus, capital of war-torn Syria, while just above it in ascending order were Dhaka in Bangladesh, Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea and Lagos in Nigeria. The Economist survey also includes a list of cities whose “livability” has declined most in the past five years. Damascus again fares worst, recording a 28 percent decline in five years. Kiev, the capital of Ukraine where pro-Russian rebels are battling Ukrainian forces in the east of the country, dropped 17.8 percent, the survey found.

A conversation between acquaintances

A: Meruborun-ga sekai-de ichiban sumiyasui toshi-da-sō-desu-ne. (I heard that Melbourne is the world’s most pleasant city to live in.)

B: Yonen renzoku-de -ichii da-sō-desu. (Apparently, the city has been No. 1 for four consecutive years.)

Conversation between a husband and wife

H: Nihon-no toshi-wa suminikui-to mirareteiru sō-da. (It seems that Japanese cities were less livable.)

W: Bunka reberu-ga hikui desukara-ne. (I think it is because there were low levels of cultural activities.)

(No. 1223)

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