Japan and India’s China challenge

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi, on a five-day visit to Japan through Wednesday, reached broad agreements to expand bilateral economic ties and security cooperation. It is indeed a positive development for Japan to pursue what the leaders termed a “special strategic and global partnership” with the world’s largest democracy, which has a huge market of 1.2 billion people. Still, Japan and India may find themselves talking at cross purposes if Tokyo is seeking closer ties with New Delhi as a means to counterbalance China’s growing influence and assertiveness in the region.

During their meeting on Monday, Abe and Modi agreed to consider upgrading the framework of their foreign and defense talks and to regularize joint exercises between the Maritime Self-Defense Force and the Indian Navy. Abe pledged to extend ¥3.5 trillion in Japan’s public and private investment and financing to India, including official development assistance, and double Japanese direct investments in India — both within five years.

Abe and Modi welcomed the accord on a commercial contract for production and supply of Indian rare earths to Japan, a move that would help reduce Japan’s reliance on China for the supply of minerals vital to the production of high-tech products. They confirmed that the two governments would expedite talks for early conclusion of a bilateral civil nuclear cooperation pact that paves the way for export of Japan’s nuclear technology to India.

On the defense front, the two leaders said they would speed up working-level talks for exporting the MSDF’s US-2 amphibious aircraft to India. Their joint statement called for maritime security, freedom of navigation and peaceful settlement of disputes under international law — an apparent reference to China’s maritime disputes with several countries in the East and South China Sea.

Behind the efforts to step up Japan-India security cooperation is China’s increasing maritime assertiveness and military buildup. Along with their longtime bilateral border disputes, New Delhi is wary of China’s growing presence in the Indian Ocean. Japan’s relations with China remain deeply strained in recent years over the territorial dispute over the Senkaku Islands as well as other issues related to wartime history.

But while Abe has not been able to hold a summit with Chinese leaders since he returned to office in December 2012, Modi met with Chinese President Xi Jinping on the sidelines of the July BRICS summit of emerging powers held in Brazil. Japan was the first country that Modi visited outside the Indian subcontinent for bilateral talks since he took office in May, but Xi is set to be the first leader of a major country to travel to India for talks with Modi when he visits there later this month.

The government reportedly sought an agreement to upgrade the foreign and defense meetings with India, currently held at vice-ministerial levels, to Cabinet-level discussions during the Abe-Modi talks, but eventually only confirmed that they would “seek ways” to beef up the consultative framework. It is speculated that India hesitated to the upgrade because it did not want to antagonize China.

During the July talks in Brazil, Modi and Xi are said to have agreed that the two countries need to resolve the border disputes. Modi also called for Chinese investments in India’s infrastructure projects. He also reportedly said India would positively consider an invitation by Xi to join the China-led initiative to create Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank — of which Japan and the United States are wary — as a founding member. Xi invited Modi to attend the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Beijing in November, although India is not a member of the APEC group.

China is one of India’s most important trading partners, with bilateral trade roughly four times larger than Japan-India trade. Modi appears to be trying to balance his country’s security needs with its economic interests. Japan also has a crucial stake in mending its relations with China — its largest trading partner — and will have to do it on its own.

  • n. k. dhuvad

    KNOW ABOUT INDIA’S LION LEADER – SHRI NARENDRA MODI

    Modijihas started proving his Competency as a Priminister :

    1. He has started putting People First

    2. He has concentrated on ,priorities & excellence

    3. He has charted what his priorities are.

    4. He has now started showing his potential to achieve great things

    5. Priministership is the honour for what he has done

    6. Lastly , his present & future success is connected with Hardwork.

    Let congress & Other Parties know that Successful Person keeps in moving ,he make mistakes but has will to correct it without any loss of time.

    MODIJI IS A GREAT LEADER :

    1. Importance of leadership is like the engine of a train. The train doesn’t move anywhere without the engine moving.Only dynamic leadership , like that of Modiji ,can solve the problems of India.

    2. He is Secular and works for the respect of people.

    MODIJI IS NOT ONLY A LEADER BUT IS AN IDEAL SEVAK [ WORKER ] :

    “Leadership is the capacity and will to rally men and women to a common purpose and the character which inspires confidence.”

    BASIC QUALITIES OF MODIJI AS AN IDEAL LEADER ARE :

    1. He is Courageous, Punctual, Organized, Hard-working

    2. Sincere Good habits & conduct

    3. Humane & Open-minded

    4. Determined & Confidence of ability

    5. Good in lecture and writing

    6. Ability to command with respect

    7. Approachable for suggestion

    8. Acceptability as a leader

    9. Ready to sacrifice

    In understanding of responsibilities Practical Qualities of Modiji are :
    01. Ability to help understand efficiently

    02. Ability to answer questions adequately

    03. Ability to acquire love and affection of the members

    04. Habit of making decisions after consultation

    05. Courage to encourage criticism

    06. Dynamic

    07. Serious

    Keen perception Technical Qualities of Narendra Modiji are :

    01. Planning – balance between idealism and realism, target and resource

    02. Organizing – utilizing the resources to achieve target

    03. Implementing – guidance, supervision, and control

    Modi’s Character :

    His actions are the Real Indicator of Character, Strong Character is the very Foundation on which his Success is built. Hence ,character has brought him Tall Success with People.

    Modi’s Charisma :

    Repeated election by General Public as Gujarat states Chief Minister and now as Pri-Minister of India ,Impresses and Seals & Deals Indian Public. He is a Time Tested Leader. He is more concerned about making others feel good about others themselves than himself making others feel good about Modiji himself.You know that Leaders who think about others and their ( others’) concerns before thinking of themselves exhibit charisma.

    Modi’s Commitment :

    Commitment separates Doers from Dreamers. To the Boxer , it’s getting off the mat once more than he has been knocked down. To the Soldier, it’s going over the hill , not knowing what is waiting on the other side. To the Leadewr like Modiji, it’s all that and more because every one he leads is depending on him.

    Modiji’s improved Commitment :

    Look at his daily routine ( time-table ) and at how he spends his time , then only you will come to know whether is he really committed or does he just pretends and says really he is .

    Modiji’s Communication :

    He simplifies his message. Independence Day’s speech is an ideal example. It is not only important what a leader says but also how he says it. Really he cares about his audience. He shows the Truth. They do believe what he says and they ( Public ) know that he will Himself live on what he says. He seeks and gets response when he puts the goals in action

  • B.L.Sharma

    Australian Prime Minister is arriving in New Delhi today . Major highlight of his is visit is signing of the civil nuclear agreement under which Australia will supply uranium for India’s nuclear power plants for meeting its growing energy needs.It is high time that Japan and India should reduce their differences at an early date to strengthen further our already strong strategic relationship in the civil nuclear energy field.

  • sangos

    Abe is not mediocre