COLOGNE, GERMANY – Hundreds of thousands of people packed the streets of Cologne for its annual Rose Monday parade, the culmination of five days of Carnival festivities that took place amid heightened security following robberies and sexual assaults in the city on New Year’s Eve.
Police doubled the number of officers they had on hand this year in an effort to reassure the public in the wake of the Dec. 31 attacks primarily targeting women and blamed largely on foreigners.
Through Monday morning, police said they had recorded 542 criminal complaints, including 45 allegations of sexual offenses, including rape. Those numbers were roughly in line with 2015, when police said there were 50 sexual offenses reported through the full five-day Carnival.
The Rose Monday parade almost didn’t happen at all amid severe weather warnings, but the city decided to go ahead while banning horses, large puppets and flags for safety reasons.
With strong winds predicted over a large swath of western Germany, other cities, including Duesseldorf and Essen, called off their main Carnival processions entirely.
The migrant crisis was reflected in Monday’s Carnival floats, keeping in the tradition of topical themes.
One featured a caricature of Chancellor Angela Merkel standing in front of her signature quote of recent months, “We will manage it,” and the words “tough nuts.” At her side was a basket of nuts labeled “refugees.”
Another featured a pensive, seated Merkel with an EU flag in her hand and the slogan “Merkelancholia.”
And, reflecting concern over far-right violence, one float depicted a neo-Nazi as an octopus wrapping its tentacles around democracy.
The figure of Syrian President Bashar Assad as an angel of peace also wound its way through the city, joined on its float by Russian President Vladimir Putin and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
Other stories of recent months also played their part. There was a float showing Merkel haunted by Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras bearing a lightning rod, a reference to last year’s showdown over Greece’s new bailout, and one with suspended FIFA President Sepp Blatter clutching banknotes.
At a much smaller Carnival event in the tiny Bavarian town of Steinkirchen, northeast of Munich, which attracted 500 people over the weekend, one float was constructed to look like a World War II-era German tank and was labeled “refugee defense.” Nearby Ingolstadt prosecutors said Monday they were investigating whether it might have been a violation of laws prohibiting incitement.