DUBAI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Saturday called for closer economic and security ties with China, saying Iran has never trusted the West, as the two countries agreed to increase bilateral trade more than 10-fold to $600 billion in the next decade.
Iran’s most powerful figure told Chinese President Xi Jinping during a visit that Iran wants to expand ties with “more independent countries,” adding the United States is “not honest” in the fight against terrorism in the region.
“Iranians never trusted the West. . . . That’s why Tehran seeks cooperation with more independent countries (like China),” Khamenei said.
“Iran is the most reliable country in the region for energy since its energy policies will never be affected by foreigners,” Khamenei was quoted by his official website as saying at a meeting with Xi.
Xi is the second leader of a U.N. Security Council member to visit Tehran since the nuclear deal Iran struck with world powers last year. Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Tehran in November.
Iran emerged from years of economic isolation earlier this month when the United Nations’ nuclear watchdog ruled it had curbed its nuclear program, clearing the way for the lifting of U.N., U.S., and European Union sanctions.
“Iran and China have agreed to increase trade to $600 billion in the next 10 years,” President Hassan Rouhani said at a news conference with Xi broadcast live on state television.
“Iran and China have agreed on forming strategic relations (as) reflected in a 25-year comprehensive document,” he said.
Iran and China signed 17 accords on Saturday, including on cooperation in nuclear energy and a revival of the ancient Silk Road trade route, known in China as “One Belt, One Road.”
“China is still heavily dependent on Iran for its energy imports, and Russia needs Iran in terms of its new security architecture vision for the Middle East,” said Ellie Geranmayeh, policy fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
“Iran plays quite an integral role for both China and Russia’s interests within the region, much more than it does for the Europeans,” Geranmayeh said.
Xi also agreed with Rouhani to help construct Iran’s high-speed train system as part of China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative to build a modern-day version of the Silk Road.
Xi said China will cooperate in building a rapid train system between Tehran and Mashhad and provide necessary financing for the projects.
Khamenei said Iran will never forget Chinese cooperations during the sanctions.
“The China-Iran friendship … has stood the test of the vicissitudes of the international landscape,” Xi was quoted as saying by China’s Xinhua News Agency.
The Chinese state-backed Global Times newspaper said in an editorial Saturday that China hopes to improve ties with Iran as part of its sweeping plan to rebuild trade links with Europe and Asia and carve out new markets for its goods.
“China is of course considering its self interest in strengthening cooperation with Iran, especially at a time when China is in the midst of expending efforts to push forward the One Belt, One Road initiative, Iran is an important fulcrum,” the paper said.
While China seeks closer ties with Iran, earlier last week it signaled its support for Yemen’s government, which is fighting an Iran-allied militia, during Xi’s visit to Saudi Arabia, Iran’s rival for influence in the region.
Iran has called on China to join the fight against the Islamic State militant group and play a more active role in the region.
Tehran is widely credited with convincing Russia to start its military intervention in Syria and join the fight against Islamic State.
“Although China and Russia backed U.N. sanctions against Iran on its nuclear program, they were also heavily pushing for special waivers to continue trading with Iran,” Geranmayeh said.
“Iran had a relationship both politically and economically with China and Russia for the last 10 years in ways that it hasn’t had with Europe. So it’s quite natural to see it opening up first to these countries.”