French cave home to earliest drawings wins World Heritage status


UN cultural agency UNESCO on Sunday granted World Heritage status to a prehistoric cave in southern France containing the earliest known figurative drawings.

Delegates at UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee voted to grant the status to the Chauvet Cave at a gathering in Doha, where they were considering cultural and natural wonders for inclusion on the U.N. list.

The cave in the Ardeche region, which survived sealed off for millennia before its discovery in 1994, contains more than 1,000 drawings dating back around 36,000 years to what is believed to be the first human culture in Europe.

“Grotte Chauvet contains the earliest and best-preserved expressions of artistic creation of the Aurignacian people, which are also the earliest known figurative drawings in the world,” UNESCO said. Grotte is the French word for cave.

“The large number of over 1,000 drawings covering over 8,500 square meters (90,000 square feet), as well as their high artistic and esthetic quality, make Grotte Chauvet an exceptional testimony of prehistoric cave art.”

The opening of the cave, located about 25 meters (yards) underground, was closed off by a rockfall 23,000 years ago.

It lay undisturbed until it was rediscovered by three French cave experts in 1994. It was almost immediately declared a protected heritage site in France.

“Its state of preservation and authenticity is exceptional as a result of its concealment over 23 millennia,” UNESCO said.

Access has since been severely restricted and fewer than 200 researchers a year are allowed to visit the cave, which stretches into several branches along about 800 meters and at its highest reaches 18 meters.

The painted images include representations of human hands and of dozens of animals, including mammoth, wild cats, rhinos, bison, bears and aurochs.

More discoveries are expected to be found in remote parts of the cave as yet unexplored.

The cave also includes remnants and prints of ancient animals, including those of large cave bears that are believed to have hibernated at the site.

Researchers believe the cave was never permanently inhabited by humans “but was instead of a sacred character” and “used for shamanist ritual practice.”

With the cave closed to the public, authorities are building a full-scale replica of the site nearby, which is expected to open in the spring of 2015.