MOSCOW – Russian television this past week has blasted viewers with 15-year-old footage of NATO bombing raids, burning buildings and wounded people in the Balkans to step up a media campaign against the West over the Crimea crisis.
State TV and newspapers have used the anniversary Monday of the start of the NATO bombing campaign to depict the West as hypocritical for arguing Crimea has no right to secede from Ukraine when the United States and its allies used force to help Kosovo escape former Seriban President Slobodan Milosevic’s clutches.
A special TV program, titled “The Serbian Tragedy: 15 Years,” hammered home Russia’s message that the U.S. and NATO are to blame for redrawing global borders, encouraging separatism and flouting international law.
“The result of the NATO aggression was the final collapse of (the former) Yugoslavia and the unilateral declaration of Kosovo’s independence to applause from Washington and most European capitals,” government newspaper Rossiiskaya Gazeta said.
“One can only wonder at the overt hypocrisy of Western politicians who now accuse Russia — which Crimea has joined as the result of a popular referendum, and practically without a shot fired — of violating international law,” it said.
Serbia, a largely Orthodox Christian nation with historic ties to Russia, lost control of Kosovo when NATO launched bombing raids to halt atrocities and “ethnic cleansing” by Serbian forces in a counterinsurgency war under Milosevic.
The 78-day campaign has been a source of ire for Russia and an example of what President Vladimir Putin says is the frequent use of deadly force by the United States under the pretext of human rights concerns. Kosovo, which declared independence six years ago and has been recognized by more than 100 countries despite opposition from Belgrade and Moscow, has often been cited as a precedent by Putin to justify his seizure of Crimea from Ukraine.
Voters in Crimea region chose to join Russia in a March 16 referendum dismissed as a sham by Western governments, who say it violated Ukraine’s constitution and was held only after Russian forces seized control of the strategic Black Sea peninsula.
Western leaders dismiss the comparison between Crimea and Kosovo, arguing that NATO countries did not try to annex Kosovo and had scant interest in the territory beyond protecting people.
The extensive anniversary coverage follows months of fierce criticism of the West and, more recently, of Ukraine’s new leaders in the state-run Russian media.
Ukrainian and Western leaders say Russian media have distorted the facts to portray Russians in Ukraine as under threat from “neofascists.” Moscow dismisses charges that it has instigated violence in Crimea, and accuses the West of media propaganda.
About 500 civilians were killed in the territories that arose from the disintegration of Yugoslavia, at least half of them inside Kosovo, during 78 days of NATO airstrikes.
Rossiiskaya Gazeta published a huge number 88 alongside its front page story, saying that “88 children and more than 2,000 Yugoslav civilians became victims of the barbaric NATO bombings.”
State television reports featured footage of Bosnian Serb military chief Ratko Mladic and Milosevic, who died in 2006 while on trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.
“Before he died . . . he said that the West is a cunning, wily beast that does nothing but eat the flesh of Slavic peoples,” Alexander Prokhanov, a nationalist writer and political commentator, said on state-run Rossiya-2 TV.
“Now that the Crimean miracle has happened Russians have united . . . the West is again crying false tears and trying to convince us that it is a protector of rights and a source of humanism,” he said. “Do not believe it.”