ISLAMABAD – Washington has held indirect talks with the Taliban over the possible transfer of five senior Taliban prisoners from Guantanamo Bay in exchange for a U.S. soldier captured nearly five years ago, a senior Taliban official told The Associated Press.
Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, 27, of Hailey, Idaho, was last seen in a video released in December, footage seen as “proof of life” demanded by the United States. Bergdahl is believed to be held in the border regions between Afghanistan and Pakistan. He is the only U.S. soldier to be captured in America’s longest war, which began with the ouster of the Taliban regime in Afghanistan for sheltering al-Qaida in 2001.
The talks, which the Taliban official said took place sometime over the past two months in a Middle East country, would be the first significant movement toward an exchange since it was last discussed by the U.S. and the Taliban last June.
A U.S. official said Washington is considering a prisoner exchange but would not comment on whether any new talks have taken place. The official, who has been closely involved with this issue, refused to give more details.
State Department deputy spokeswoman Marie Harf would not confirm the efforts.
The five Taliban detainees at the heart of the proposal are the most senior Afghans still held at the prison at the U.S. base in Cuba. Each has been held since 2002.
In Kabul, a senior Afghan official said the U.S. has recently been in touch with President Hamid Karzai’s government over a possible exchange involving Berdahl, who was captured on June 30, 2009.
Time might be ripe for a swap. Karzai has refused to sign a bilateral security agreement that would allow the U.S. to leave a residual force in Afghanistan after the NATO-led combat mission formally ends at the end of this year. Karzai says he must first see movement on reconciliation with the Taliban.
But there are potential roadblocks. The five Taliban detainees currently are not among those Guantanamo Bay prisoners who have been approved for transfer once their home countries provide security guarantees. The Obama administration has argued that many approved transfers effectively have been blocked by rigid restrictions imposed by Congress. Recently, Congress eased the restrictions, including the toughest one, requiring the secretary of defense to “personally certify that there would be no recidivism for any detainee he certified,” according to Pentagon spokesman, army Lt. Col. Todd Breasseale.
The transfer process, once it has begun, would take about two months, a senior U.S. official said, also speaking on condition of anonymity.
It was not clear where the five Taliban prisoners — Mohammad Fazl, Abdul Haq Wasiq, Mullah Norullah Nori, Khairullah Khairkhwa, Khairullah Khairkhwa — would go if released from Guantanamo Bay. Karzai has demanded that they be transferred to Afghanistan. The Taliban want them released to Qatar.
The senior Taliban official said leaders of the movement “are serious about the prisoners’ issue.” He said the talks were held through an intermediary and did not involve direct discussions with U.S. officials. He refused to give more details and spoke on condition of anonymity because he did not have Taliban leader Mullah Mohammed Omar’s permission to talk to the media.