Key events in Tunisia since the fall of Ben Ali


Key events in Tunisia since the Arab Spring revolution that drove President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali out after 23 years in power and sparked popular uprisings across the Arab world:

Jan. 14, 2011: Ben Ali flees to Saudi Arabia with his family, becoming the first Arab leader to step down in the Arab Spring.

Feb. 25: 100,000 people stage anti-government demonstrations in Tunis.

March 1: The moderate Islamist movement Ennahda is legalized.

Oct. 23: Ennahda wins 89 of the 217 seats in a new assembly in Tunisia’s first free election.

Dec. 12: The secular opposition leader Moncef Marzouki is elected president.

June 11 and 12, 2012: Unrest is triggered by an art exhibition that includes works deemed offensive to Islam. The government blames hard-line Salafists and old regime loyalists.

Sept. 14: Four people are killed in clashes at the U.S. Embassy amid protests over an anti-Islam film.

Nov. 27 to Dec. 1: 300 are injured in clashes between police and protesters in Siliana.

Feb. 6, 2013: Prominent opposition leader Chokri Belaid is shot dead, triggering deadly protests and a political crisis that brings down Islamist Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali.

July 25: Opposition leader Mohamed Brahmi is shot dead, also by suspected jihadists, sparking fresh calls for the Ennahda-led government’s departure.

Aug. 2: The army announces a huge air and ground operation against Islamist militants along the Algerian border. The government accuses Tunisia’s main Salafist movement, Ansar al-Sharia, of links to al-Qaida.

Jan. 3, 2014: After months of delay, parliament begins reviewing a draft of the new constitution article by article.

Jan. 10: Mehdi Jomaa is tasked with forming a caretaker government of independents a day after Islamist Prime Minister Ali Larayedh resigns under an accord reached in December to end the political deadlock.

Jan. 26: The new constitution is adopted by 200 of parliament’s 217 members.