/

Launch advances rocket tech

Iran sends second monkey into space, advancing rocket technology

AP

Iran said Saturday it has successfully sent a monkey into space for a second time, part of an ambitious program aimed at manned space flight.

Iran’s state TV said that the launch of the rocket, dubbed Pajohesh (meaning “research” in Farsi), was Iran’s first use of liquid fuel. It reached a height of 120 km. The monkey, named Fargam (Auspicious), was returned to Earth safely.

TV footage showed the rocket blasting off and then showed the monkey, strapped snugly into a seat. The report said Fargam’s capsule parachuted safely to Earth after detaching from the rocket in a mission that lasted 15 minutes.

Iran frequently claims technological breakthroughs that are impossible to independently verify. It has said it aims to send an astronaut into space.

“The launch of Pajohesh is another long step getting the Islamic Republic of Iran closer to sending a man into space,” the official IRNA news agency said.

Fargam is a male rhesus macaque. He weighs 3 kg and is 56 cm tall. Iranian scientists say a bigger monkey or another animal will be tested in the next space flight.

State TV said the rocket was equipped with new features, including sonic sensors and electronic devices that enabled scientists to monitor the monkey, his vital signs and voice.

Iran said it sent its first monkey into space in January, reaching the same height of 120 km.

Iran’s aerospace program is a source of national pride. It is also one of the pillars of its aspirations to be seen as the technological hub for Islamic and developing countries.

The U.S. and its allies worry that technology from the space program could also be used to develop long-range missiles that could potentially be armed with nuclear warheads.

In the January mission, one of two official packages of photos of the simian space traveler depicted the wrong monkey, causing some international observers to wonder whether the monkey had died in space or that the launch didn’t go well.

But Iranian officials later said one set of pictures showed an archive photo of one of the alternate monkeys. They said three to five monkeys are simultaneously tested for such a flight and two or three are chosen for the launch. Finally, the one that is best suited for the mission is chosen for the voyage.

Iran says it wants to put its own satellites into orbit to monitor natural disasters in the earthquake-prone nation, improve telecommunications and expand military surveillance.